Is Maltitol a Safe Sugar Substitute?

Food Products with Maltitol

Beware of the Sugar Alcohol Maltitol
Not a real great time to have this problem. I have quit truvia and I no longer have the bad taste or heart irregularity. Video of the Day. It is not metabolized by oral bacteria , so it does not promote tooth decay. I am just going to treat myself to a tiny bit of real jelly bellys when I need them.

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Like other sugar alcohols xylitol, mannitol etc it has a slightly laxative effect and it is not recommended to consume more than 50 gm per day. It occurs in nature, chicory leaves contain a small amount, and as such it is sometime described as a natural sweetener.

It has a higher glycemic index than most other sugar alcohols and so is not as useful for diabetics though still safe if consumed in moderation. It is very often uses in processed foods as a sugar substitute. For example 'sugar free' chocolate is often sweetened with Maltitol. This can be somewhat misleading as it is still a fairly high glycemic and high calorie sweetener.

It is used in medicine, as an ingredient in moisturizers, and it helps keep processed foods moist. It is less hygroscopic than sugar, meaning it absorbs less moisture from the atmosphere. This makes it useful as a coating in hard candies and chewing gums with hard coatings. Not many for the consumer, more for food producers. It has fewer calories than sugar. This makes it somewhat suitable as part of a diabetic diet.

Like all sugar alcohols it is not metabolized by bacteria in the mouth and so it does not contribute to tooth decay. As with most sugar alcohols it has a slightly laxative effect but only if consumed in relatively large quantities. No official guideline is issued. Good advice would seem to be 50g or less. It is made from Maltose that is derived from wheat and corn.

The Maltose is produced by using enzymatic hydrolysis of the starch. This is then subjected to catalytic hydrogenation, and finally filtration. So it can hardy qualify as a natural product! It is not generally sold to the consumer. The levels of maltitol needed daily to cause diarrhea vary depending on the age of the person eating maltitol. While the International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition offers that Maltitol levels for children have an ideal tolerance of no more than 15 g daily, a European Journal of Clinical Nutrition study shows that diarrhea occurs at daily consumption levels 60 - 90 g in adults.

The study also notes that the more Maltitol is consumed, the more likely and more severe symptoms of diarrhea will be. Eating products or medications that contain maltitol has been linked with excessive internal gas and flatulence in adults and children.

This is considered to be one of the more common negative side effects of maltitol, but it is not considered to be a severe side effect in adults, notes the European Journal of Clinical Nutrition.

The International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition also notes that this side effect is present but not considered serious in children who consume maltitol. This negative side effect will continue as long as maltitol is being eaten, as the European Journal of Clinical Nutrition notes that the body's digestive system does not adapt to the artificial sweetener. Video of the Day. How to Make Sugar-Free Caramel. Xylitol, Isomalt and Diarrhea. Negative Effects of Artificial Sweeteners.

Side Effects of Sugar Substitutes. A List of Foods Containing Aspartame. Healthy Low-Carb Eating Plan.

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