What Are the 5 Main Nutrients?

What are Nutrients?

Listing of vitamins
When taken with certain antioxidants, zinc may delay the progression of age-related macular degeneration. Plays a role in metabolizing and transporting fats. Meat, poultry, fish, eggs, potatoes, some cereals, nuts, cheese. Animal products and legumes are good protein sources. Because vegetarians absorb less zinc, experts suggest that they get twice the recommended requirement of zinc from plant foods.

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What Are Nutrients? - Definition & Examples

Keeps dental cavities from starting or worsening. Water that is fluoridated, toothpaste with fluoride, marine fish, teas.

Harmful to children in excessive amounts. Part of thyroid hormone, which helps set body temperature and influences nerve and muscle function, reproduction, and growth.

Prevents goiter and a congenital thyroid disorder. Iodized salt, processed foods, seafood. To prevent iodine deficiencies, some countries add iodine to salt, bread, or drinking water.

Helps hemoglobin in red blood cells and myoglobin in muscle cells ferry oxygen throughout the body. Needed for chemical reactions in the body and for making amino acids, collagen, neurotransmitters, and hormones. Red meat, poultry, eggs, fruits, green vegetables, fortified bread and grain products.

Many women of childbearing age don't get enough iron. Women who do not menstruate probably need the same amount of iron as men. Because iron is harder to absorb from plants, experts suggest vegetarians get twice the recommended amount assuming the source is food.

Needed for many chemical reactions in the body Works with calcium in muscle contraction, blood clotting, and regulation of blood pressure. Helps build bones and teeth. This upper limit applies to supplements and medicines, such as laxatives, not to dietary magnesium.

Green vegetables such as spinach and broccoli, legumes, cashews, sunflower seeds and other seeds, halibut, whole-wheat bread, milk. The majority of magnesium in the body is found in bones. If your blood levels are low, your body may tap into these reserves to correct the problem.

Helps metabolize amino acids, cholesterol, and carbohydrates. Fish, nuts, legumes, whole grains, tea. If you take supplements or have manganese in your drinking water, be careful not to exceed the upper limit.

Those with liver damage or whose diets supply abundant manganese should be especially vigilant. Part of several enzymes, one of which helps ward off a form of severe neurological damage in infants that can lead to early death. Legumes, nuts, grain products, milk. Helps build and protect bones and teeth. Part of phospholipids, which carry lipids in blood and help shuttle nutrients into and out of cells.

Wide variety of foods, including milk and dairy products, meat, fish, poultry, eggs, liver, green peas, broccoli, potatoes, almonds. Certain drugs bind with phosphorus, making it unavailable and causing bone loss, weakness, and pain.

Helps maintain steady heartbeat and send nerve impulses. Needed for muscle contractions. A diet rich in potassium seems to lower blood pressure. Getting enough potassium from your diet may benefit bones. Meat, milk, fruits, vegetables, grains, legumes. Food sources do not cause toxicity, but high-dose supplements might. Helps regulate thyroid hormone activity. Organ meats, seafood, walnuts, sometimes plants depends on soil content , grain products.

Researchers are investigating whether selenium may help reduce the risk of developing cancer, but with mixed results. Helps send nerve impulses. Impacts blood pressure; even modest reductions in salt consumption can lower blood pressure. Salt, soy sauce, processed foods, vegetables.

While experts recommend that people limit sodium intake to 2, mg, most Americans consume 4,—6, mg a day. Helps form bridges that shape and stabilize some protein structures. Needed for healthy hair, skin, and nails. Protein-rich foods, such as meats, fish, poultry, nuts, legumes. Sulfur is a component of thiamin and certain amino acids. There is no recommended amount for sulfur.

Deficiencies occur only with a severe lack of protein. Helps form many enzymes and proteins and create new cells. Frees vitamin A from storage in the liver. Each vitamin plays an important role in the body, and not getting enough of them can cause health problems and disease. Many Americans do not get enough of many essential vitamins.

Vitamins are essential for healthy vision, skin, and bones. Vitamins like vitamin C boost the immune system and help the body heal. Much like vitamins, minerals help support the body. Some of the most common minerals are calcium, iron, and zinc. In addition to strengthening bones, calcium helps with nerve signal transmission, maintaining healthy blood pressure, and muscle contraction and relaxation. Iron supports your red blood cells and hormone creation, while zinc boosts your immune system and wound healing.

Water is absolutely crucial for every system in your body. About 62 percent of your body weight is water. Water improves your brain function and mood. It acts a shock absorber and a lubricant in the body. It also helps flush out toxins, carry nutrients to cells, hydrate the body, and prevent constipation.

Even mild dehydration can make you feel tired and impair your concentration and physical performance. Fruits and vegetables can also be a great source. Munch on some spinach or watermelon to stay hydrated.

Eating a varied diet full of fruits, vegetables, healthy proteins and fats, and whole grains is the best way to get enough of these six essential nutrients plus the important category of phytonutrients — the beneficial chemicals in colorful plants that prevent disease. These micronutrients and macronutrients are vital for your body to function normally and stay healthy. Eggs are so nutritious that they're often referred to as "nature's multivitamin.

This is a list of 7 nutrients that you can not get from commonly consumed plant foods. Vegetarians and vegans may be deficient in some of them. Nutrient deficiencies may occur with almost every nutrient, but some are more likely than others. Here are 7 incredibly common nutrient deficiencies. Several different "diets" have stood the test of time and been popular for decades. Here are 6 things that these successful diets have in common. Safflower oil , alfalfa meal, sunflower seeds , safflower seeds , cereal grains.

Parsley, spinach, Brussels sprouts , lettuce, broccoli, carrots, turnip greens, eggs. Dried brewer's yeast , rice bran, sunflower seeds , peas and beans, millet, carrots , eggs , most whole grains, alfalfa meal. Moderately likely in seed-based diets; unlikely in formulated diets. Brewer's yeast, eggs , alfalfa meal , millet, peas, beans. Yeast products, sunflower seeds , wheat, barley, alfalfa meal. Brewer's yeast, eggs , sunflower and safflower, peas, alfalfa meal , flax, millet, buckwheat, wheat, other whole grains.

Royal jelly , yeast products, eggs , sunflower and safflower seeds, alfalfa meal , peas, millet, wheat, oats, other whole grains. Safflower, eggs , molasses, oats, peas, alfalfa meal , barley, beans, wheat, flax. Yeast products, alfalfa , eggs , beans, wheat, oats, other whole grains, wheat flour, Kellogg's Product 19 cereal, beets, spinach.