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Servivano da materiale normale di scrittura nelle scuole, in contabilità, e per prendere appunti. Thank u for caring enough to reply. All ,, of you. If it stops this happening to one more beloved pet your foxy will not have died in vain. Thank you for your story. Anyone have any thoughts on this? I am so glad I found this site.
Servivano da materiale normale di scrittura nelle scuole, in contabilità, e per prendere appunti. Avevano il vantaggio di essere riutilizzabili: L'usanza di legare insieme diverse tavolette di cera romano pugillares è un possibile precursore dei libri moderni cioè il codex, codice. Il papiro , fatto di materiale spesso simile alla carta che si ottiene tessendo insieme gli steli della pianta di papiro, poi battendolo con un attrezzo simile al martello, veniva utilizzato in Egitto per scrivere, forse già durante la Prima dinastia , anche se la prima prova proviene dai libri contabili del re Neferirkara Kakai della V dinastia egizia circa a.
Erano utilizzate anche le cortecce di albero, come per esempio quelle della Tilia , e altri materiali consimili. Secondo Erodoto Storie 5: La parola greca per papiro come materiale di scrittura biblion e libro biblos proviene dal porto fenicio di Biblo , da dove si esportava il papiro verso la Grecia.
Tomus fu usato dai latini con lo stesso significato di volumen vedi sotto anche la spiegazione di Isidoro di Siviglia.
Che fossero fatti di papiro, pergamena o carta, i rotoli furono la forma libraria dominante della cultura ellenistica , romana , cinese ed ebraica. Viene chiamato codex per metafora di un tronco codex d'albero o di vite, come se fosse un ceppo di legno, poiché contiene una moltitudine di libri, come se fossero rami.
Un codice in uso moderno è il primo deposito di informazioni che la gente riconosce come "libro": La prima menzione scritta del codice come forma di libro è fatta da Marziale vedi sotto , nel suo Apophoreta CLXXXIV alla fine del suo secolo, dove ne loda la compattezza. Gli autori cristiani potrebbero anche aver voluto distinguere i loro scritti dai testi pagani scritti su rotoli. La storia del libro continua a svilupparsi con la graduale transizione dal rotolo al codex , spostandosi dal Vicino Oriente del II - II millennio a.
Fino al II secolo d. All'arrivo del Medioevo , circa mezzo millennio dopo, i codici - di foggia e costruzione in tutto simili al libro moderno - rimpiazzarono il rotolo e furono composti principalmente di pergamena. Potrai pagarli due, e Trifone il libraio ci farà il suo guadagno comunque. Anche nei suoi distici, Marziale continua a citare il codex: Ce n'è una, che porta il titolo "Le Metamorphoses di Ovidio su Membranae " e dice:.
I più antichi esemplari di libro erano sotto forma di volumen o rotolo e per lo più scritti a mano su papiro. Dal II secolo a. Nel mondo antico non godette di molta fortuna a causa del prezzo elevato rispetto a quello del papiro. Tuttavia aveva il vantaggio di una maggiore resistenza e la possibilità di essere prodotto senza le limitazioni geografiche imposte dal clima caldo per la crescita del papiro.
Il libro in forma di rotolo consisteva in fogli preparati da fibre di papiro phylire disposte in uno strato orizzontale lo strato che poi riceveva la scrittura sovrapposto ad uno strato verticale la faccia opposta. La scrittura era effettuata su colonne, generalmente sul lato del papiro che presentava le fibre orizzontali.
Non si hanno molte testimonianze sui rotoli di pergamena tuttavia la loro forma era simile a quella dei libri in papiro. Gli inchiostri neri utilizzati erano a base di nerofumo e gomma arabica. Dal II secolo d. La vecchia forma libraria a rotolo scompare in ambito librario.
In forma notevolmente differente permane invece in ambito archivistico. Nel Medioevo si fanno strada alcune innovazioni: Il prezzo molto basso di questo materiale, ricavato da stracci e quindi più abbondante della pergamena, ne favorisce la diffusione. Ma bisogna aspettare la seconda metà del XV secolo per incontrare il processo di stampa tradizionalmente attribuito ad un'invenzione del tedesco Gutenberg. Questo mezzo, permettendo l'accelerazione della produzione delle copie di testi contribuisce alla diffusione del libro e della cultura.
La parola membranae , letteralmente "pelli", è il nome che i romani diedero al codex di pergamena ; il dono che i citati distici dovevano accompagnare era quasi sicuramente una copia dell'opera completa di Marziale, quindici libri in forma di codice e non di rotolo, più comune in quell'epoca. Altri suoi distici rivelano che tra i regali fatti da Marziale c'erano copie di Virgilio , di Cicerone e Livio.
Le parole di Marziale danno la distinta impressione che tali edizioni fossero qualcosa di recentemente introdotto. Quando c'era bisogno di più spazio di quello offerto da una singola tavoletta, gli scribi ne aggiungevano altre, impilate una sopra all'altra e legate insieme con una corda che passava nei buchi precedentemente forati su uno dei margini: Sono stati rinvenuti "taccuini" contenenti fino a dieci tavolette.
Nel tempo, furono anche disponibili modelli di lusso fatti con tavolette di avorio invece che di legno. Ad un certo punto i romani inventarono un taccuino più leggero e meno ingombrante, sostituendo legno o avorio con fogli di pergamena: Il passo fu breve dall'usare due o tre fogli come taccuino al legarne insieme una certa quantità per trascrivere testi estesi - in altre parole, creando un codex nel senso proprio che usiamo oggigiorno.
Ai romani va il merito di aver compiuto questo passo essenziale, e devono averlo fatto alcuni decenni prima della fine del I secolo d. Il grande vantaggio che offrivano rispetto ai rolli era la capienza, vantaggio che sorgeva dal fatto che la facciata esterna del rotolo era lasciata in bianco, vuota.
Il codice invece aveva scritte entrambe le facciate di ogni pagina, come in un libro moderno. La prima pagina porta il volto del poeta. I codici di cui parlava erano fatti di pergamena ; nei distici che accompagnavano il regalo di una copia di Omero , per esempio, Marziale la descrive come fatta di "cuoio con molte pieghe". Ma copie erano anche fatte di fogli di papiro. In Egitto , dove cresceva la pianta del papiro ed era centro della sua manifattura per materiale scrittorio, il codex di tale materiale era naturalmente più comune della pergamena: Quando i greci ed i romani disponevano solo del rotolo per scrivere libri, si preferiva usare il papiro piuttosto che la pergamena.
È quindi logico credere che la stessa preferenza venisse usata per il codex quando questo divenne disponibile. I ritrovamenti egiziani ci permettono di tracciare il graduale rimpiazzo del rotolo da parte del codice. Fece la sua comparsa in Egitto non molto dopo il tempo di Marziale, nel II secolo d.
Il suo debutto fu modesto. A tutt'oggi sono stati rinvenuti 1. Verso il d. Il rotolo comunque aveva ancora parecchi secoli davanti a sé, ma solo per documenti; quello che la gente leggeva per piacere, edificazione o istruzione era praticamente tutto su codici. I ritrovamenti egiziani gettano luce anche sulla transizione del codex dal papiro alla pergamena. Sebbene gli undici codici della Bibbia datati in quel secolo fossero papiracei, esistono circa 18 codici dello stesso secolo con scritti pagani e quattro di questi sono in pergamena.
Non ne scegliemmo alcuno, ma ne raccogliemmo altri otto per i quali gli diedi dracme in conto. Deios, a quanto pare un libraio ambulante, voleva vendere una quantità di almeno quattordici codici di pergamena, che interessavano un residente del villaggio egiziano.
Il codex tanto apprezzato da Marziale aveva quindi fatto molta strada da Roma. Nel terzo secolo, quando tali codici divennero alquanto diffusi, quelli di pergamena iniziarono ad essere popolari. In breve, anche in Egitto , la fonte mondiale del papiro , il codice di pergamena occupava una notevole quota di mercato.
I codici più antichi che sono sopravvissuti fuori dall'Egitto risalgono al quarto e quinto secolo d. Sono tutti di pergamena, edizioni eleganti, scritti in elaborata calligrafia su sottili fogli di pergamena. Per tali edizioni di lusso il papiro era certamente inadatto. In almeno un'area, la giurisprudenza romana , il codex di pergamena veniva prodotto sia in edizioni economiche che in quelle di lusso. Titoli di compilazioni celebri, il Codice teodosiano promulgato nel , ed il Codice giustinianeo promulgato nel , indicano che gli imperatori li facevano scrivere su codici, sicuramente di pergamena dato che erano più duraturi e più capienti e inoltre di ottima qualità, dato che erano prodotti sotto l'egida dell'imperatore.
Dall'altro lato, basandoci sulle annotazioni di Libanio , intellettuale del IV secolo che nelle sue molteplici attività faceva anche l'insegnante di legge , si apprende che i libri di testo dei suoi studenti erano codici di pergamena.
Le ragioni erano buone: La caduta dell'Impero romano nel V secolo d. Il papiro divenne difficile da reperire a causa della mancanza di contatti con l' Antico Egitto e la pergamena , che per secoli era stata tenuta in secondo piano, divenne il materiale di scrittura principale.
I monasteri continuarono la tradizione scritturale latina dell' Impero romano d'Occidente. La tradizione e lo stile dell' Impero romano predominava ancora, ma gradualmente emerse la cultura del libro medievale. I monaci irlandesi introdussero la spaziatura tra le parole nel VII secolo.
Essi adottarono questo sistema perché leggevano con difficoltà le parole latine. L'innovazione fu poi adottata anche nei Paesi neolatini come l'Italia , anche se non divenne comune prima del XII secolo. Si ritiene che l'inserimento di spazi tra le parole abbia favorito il passaggio dalla lettura semi-vocalizzata a quella silenziosa.
Prima dell'invenzione e della diffusione del torchio tipografico , quasi tutti i libri venivano copiati a mano, il che li rendeva costosi e relativamente rari.
I piccoli monasteri di solito possedevano al massimo qualche decina di libri, forse qualche centinaio quelli di medie dimensioni. In Età carolingia le più grandi collezioni raccoglievano circa volumi; nel Basso Medioevo la biblioteca pontificia di Avignone e la biblioteca della Sorbona di Parigi possedevano circa 2. Il processo della produzione di un libro era lungo e laborioso. Il supporto di scrittura più usato nell'Alto Medioevo, la pergamena, o vellum pelle di vitello , doveva essere preparato, poi le pagine libere venivano pianificate e rigate con uno strumento appuntito o un piombo , dopo di che il testo era scritto dallo scriba , che di solito lasciava aree vuote a scopo illustrativo e rubricativo.
Infine, il libro veniva rilegato dal rilegatore . Le copertine erano fatte di legno e ricoperte di cuoio. Poiché la pergamena secca tende ad assumere la forma che aveva prima della trasformazione, i libri erano dotati di fermagli o cinghie.
In quest'epoca si usavano differenti tipi di inchiostro , usualmente preparati con fuliggine e gomma, e più tardi anche con noce di galla e solfato ferroso. Esistono testi scritti in rosso o addirittura in oro, e diversi colori venivano utilizzati per le miniature. A volte la pergamena era tutta di colore viola e il testo vi era scritto in oro o argento per esempio, il Codex Argenteus. Per tutto l'Alto Medioevo i libri furono copiati prevalentemente nei monasteri, uno alla volta.
Il sistema venne gestito da corporazioni laiche di cartolai , che produssero sia materiale religioso che profano . Nelle prime biblioteche pubbliche i libri venivano spesso incatenati ad una libreria o scrivania per impedirne il furto. Questi libri furono chiamati libri catenati. Vedi illustrazione a margine. L' ebraismo ha mantenuto in vita l'arte dello scriba fino ad oggi.
Secondo la tradizione ebraica, il rotolo della Torah posto nella sinagoga deve esser scritto a mano su pergamena e quindi un libro stampato non è permesso, sebbene la congregazione possa usare libri di preghiere stampati e copie della Bibbia ebraica possano esser utilizzate per studio fuori della sinagoga. Lo scriba ebraico sofer è altamente rispettato nell'ambito della comunità ebraica osservante.
Anche gli arabi produssero e rilegarono libri durante il periodo medievale islamico , sviluppando tecniche avanzate di calligrafia araba , miniatura e legatoria. Un certo numero di città del mondo islamico medievale furono sede di centri di produzione libraria e di mercati del libro. Col metodo di controllo, solo "gli autori potevano autorizzare le copie, e questo veniva fatto in riunioni pubbliche, in cui il copista leggeva il testo ad alta voce in presenza dell'autore, il quale poi la certificava come precisa".
In xilografia , un'immagine a bassorilievo di una pagina intera veniva intarsiata su tavolette di legno, inchiostrata e usata per stampare le copie di quella pagina. Questo metodo ebbe origine in Cina , durante la Dinastia Han prima del a. Il libro più antico stampato con questo sistema è il Sutra del Diamante d. I monaci o altri che le scrivevano, venivano pagati profumatamente. Questa invenzione gradualmente rese i libri meno laboriosi e meno costosi da produrre e più ampiamente disponibili.
La stampa è una delle prime e più importanti forme di produzione in serie. I primi libri stampati, i singoli fogli e le immagini che furono creati prima del in Europa, sono noti come incunaboli. Folio 14 recto del Vergilius romanus che contiene un ritratto dell'autore Virgilio. Da notare la libreria capsa , il leggio ed il testo scritto senza spazi in capitale rustica.
Leggio con libri catenati , Biblioteca Malatestiana di Cesena. Incunabolo del XV secolo. Si noti la copertina lavorata, le borchie d'angolo e i morsetti. Insegnamenti scelti di saggi buddisti , il primo libro stampato con caratteri metallici mobili, Bibliothèque nationale de France. Le macchine da stampa a vapore diventarono popolari nel XIX secolo. Queste macchine potevano stampare 1.
Le macchine tipografiche monotipo e linotipo furono introdotte verso la fine del XIX secolo. Potevano impostare più di 6. I secoli successivi al XV videro quindi un graduale sviluppo e miglioramento sia della stampa, sia delle condizioni di libertà di stampa , con un relativo rilassamento progressivo delle legislazioni restrittive di censura.
A metà del XX secolo , la produzione libraria europea era salita a oltre Nella seconda metà del XX secolo la tecnologia informatica ha reso possibile con la diffusione di libri in formato elettronico, poi chiamati eBook o e-book da electronic book ,una rivoluzione in quanto come ha evidenziato il bibliofilo Nick Carr dalle caratterestiche della carta stampata ovvero: Nel  nasce il Progetto Gutenberg , lanciato da Michael S.
Hart , la prima biblioteca di versioni elettroniche liberamente riproducibili di libri stampati. L'uso degli eBook al posto dei libri stampati si è tuttavia diffuso solo all'inizio del XXI secolo . Hope I am not offending you but you asked my opinion and thats how I feel.
I know what you mean about the quality of life for our pets. He had been diagnosed with a collapsed trachea but has done well for the last several years on medication. In the last 2 weeks his cough has gotten very bad so we took him to the vet this afternoon.
The vet told me he had an enlarged heart and it was pressing on his trachea. Then I asked if he was in pain when he coughed, etc. I was more concerned about his quality of life and I told her that. My pooch is deaf too. You all seem to have a lot of experience with dogs and chf. I have a 18 year poodle who was rescued from a puppy mill at age She was barely alive. I adopted her and she has been a joy. But she developed CHF and now has a collapsed trachea. She has been on Enalapril, lasix and Tussigon.
She still coughs a lot has lost some weight nothing drastic. She still eats, she is deaf and now blind. My question is would it be ethical to stop all her meds except her cough meds and let nature take its course? She sleeps all day but as I said will eat try to walk around sometimes.
Anyone have any thoughts on this? Thank you for sharing your story. Anyhow, I got my boy to the vet, and he was given an X-ray, a jab of Frusemide which he is also taking twice daily and put in an oxygen cage for an hour. Doc says his dosage of Frusemide is already on the high side 1. She did warn that medicine has also a limit to its efficacy. On medication and ihopefully, can be controlled with meds.
As far as the dosage of the diuretic I believe it is 1 to 2 mg per pound of dog once or twice a day. I believe the third dose my vet recommended would not be a every day thing only when your dog seems to be getting worse like in the middle of the night when your unable to speak with your vet. I recently found out that there is another diuretic that works differently that my vet gave a dog whom I was pet sitting for. This dog was on all the other regular meds Enapril, Vetmedin and a recently increased dose of his diuretic, but he had a hard day coughing and when I took him to the vet for his owner he gave him a shot which was a diuretic and another prescription for the diuretic I never heard of.
He said it works in another way from the one he had been on. I know this was all just to hold him over for a few weeks because I found out his owner had to put him down today. Sorry for the long rambling answer but I hope everything works out for you.
I have a 9 year old Maltese, Chase, who was diagnosed with severe MV insufficiency this past summer July At the time, the vet started him on Vetmedin, Enalapril, and Lasix A week in to treatment, his platelet count dropped to 30, and he was taken off the enalapril and started on prednisone and carafate.
After a week, his platelet count normalized and he was on the road to recovery. Over the course of the next few months, the vet doubled his lasix to Recently, I noticed that Chase was coughing, not breathing as well and was having more activity intolerance than usual.
He was also diagnosed with a collapsing trachea and so I gave him several PRN doses torbutrol to help with the cough and to calm his anxiety, but nothing seemed to help. By the time we made it to the vet, his tongue and gums were blue! I was so devastated. They immediately gave in 40 mg IV Lasix and placed him on Oxygen.
At that point, they gave me two options: The vet told me that his prognosis with the IV Lasix and Oxygen chamber was good.
If we can see him through this, we can increase his Lasix and he will have at least 6 months or longer. By the way, I also have a Pomeranian, too. His name is Flash. It has truly been an inspiration to me and is helping me to cope with what I am going through with Chase.
On a brighter note my last Pomeranian before Precious lived to be almost I hope your Flash lives a long healthy life. I am so sorry for taking so long to reply to your response. Things got so hectic with Chase being so sick…I was in the middle of final exams and the holidays were right around the corner. After everything we went through, I had to decompress and by the time things got back to normal, classes were back in session.
Anyhow, I wanted to thank you for your sweet words of encouragement during my difficult time. We have had a few ups and downs since Dec, but I am so happy to report that Chase is doing remarkably well now. I have an 18 yr old Maltese that means the world to me. Taking all of the above. Heartbroken any holistic help would be much appreciated!!! Please would you be kind enough to send me the PDF of the natural meds he is on and also the food that you cook him. We have just lost our cockapoo due to an infection that consumed her body, and it was heartbreaking.
I do not want to lose Baxter, our Bichon too. Thanks so much for posting your story. God Bless — Peta Bray. I was hoping you would send me a copy of that diet the other lady cooks for her precious? It seems so many pet owners are going through the same problems with CHF.
Pimobendan the generic form of Vetmedin is what my Precious was on also. Perhaps he can suggest lowering the dose and see if that works. My vet gave my Precious hydrocodone but not until I insisted she must have something.
Precious never peed on my couch but she would frequently be incontinent because of the diuretics. I used a pee pad and towel on the couch where she always slept during the day and a doggie cloth diaper at night because she slept with me.
I hope this helps. Thank you for sharing your experience. Aside from the diuretic and en April he is also on an antibiotic for an upper — respiratory infection. He started his meds last Thursday and I have seen zero improvement. His vet believes the prognosis is good, which makes me cautiously optimistic.
My biggest concern right now is getting him to eat. Forget dog food, he even turns away from doggy treats including freeze dried chicken and yummy duck jerky.
At first I cooked rice and chicken. Then hamburger and rice. Moved on to steak, which he accepted hand fed a few times. I wonder if anyone else experienced appetite loss with any of the meds? Hi Sandi, Thank you for your comment. My Precious had no problem eating more than usual. Could he have another problem for appetite loss such as low thyroid, dental problems, or even more serious health problems like kidney failure, liver problenms or cancer?
I hope you and your vet can find out the reason for his appetite loss. I hope you will let me know. Hi Sue, Eventually Buster did get his appetite back and we had three months of him being his normal self before he took a turn for the worse very dramatically and suddenly.
We took him to the vet, where he stayed for several days. One morning we were called to be told he had passed in the night. You might want to try eliminating that drug if it is O. It worked for me, but like everything else it was just a temporary fix. I hope your last days with her are good. She will not take her meds — I have to force them down her —morning and night — she has swelling etc.
She has no problem eating but I do notice her not breathing to well at times. Do you think the vetmedin is making her cough more? I hate to take her to the vets because she gets so upset that the last time she passed out.
It just kills me to see her like this. I am not sure what to do. Have any of you tried natural herbs to help? Are they a waste of money.
This is so hard. You just feel helpless. Hi, From what I read the most reported side effects of Vetmedin are poor appetite, lethargy, diarrhea, dyspnea, and weakness. The Vetmedin is such a large pill it was hard to give even a half of a pill to my dog also.
I broke it down into two smaller pieces and put it in braunschweiger. The trick is put a small piece of pill into a small piece of meat. If the piece of meat is to big your dog will have to chew it and usually ends up spitting the pill out. It the meat is a small piece they will gobble it up with hardly a second thought, especially if you already let them try it and they liked it.
Hope this works for getting her pills down. I agree picking your dog up just puts pressure on her lungs and possibly make the coughing worse. He licks it off my finger and just swallows it. I posted back on Dec 3, , when my Maltese, Chase, had an acute decompensation episode with his heart failure. If you have a minute, you can take a look at my post. At the time, Chase was extremely sick as he was in severe pulmonary edema he was literally drowning internally due to the excessive fluid inside of his lungs.
During his stay, he received over mg of IV Lasix and had to spend 12 hrs in the oxygen chamber. If I heard fluid, I would increase his dose of Lasix. After the 1st week of him being home, I had increased his Lasix from 25 mg daily The vet has also increased his Vetmedin from 1. Despite my increasing his Lasix and the increase in all of his other medication doses, he still had fluid in his right lung!
I researched and read studies about dogs with heart failure. I learned that we had all of the medical bases covered so I then started researching holistic and complementary therapies for dogs with heart failure HF.
I worked as an RN in cardiology for several years and one thing I know is that diet is critical with HF patients, especially salt intake.
However, you can get this info by contacting the company directly. A dog with severe heart failure should not consume more than 20 mg of sodium per day.
Most commercial dog foods exceed this fold! Also, I want to bring up another point. I have a hard time giving Chase his pills so I would coat them in peanut butter. I was giving about 1 tsp with his pills twice a day, which worked out to be about 50 mg sodium.
I started making his food myself. I bought a pill crusher and I crush all of his meds into a fine powder. This is the following holistic protocol I have him on:. Arginine is thought to help with activity intolerance and shortness of breath.
I have the powdered form of Arginine and Taurine, but I have to crush the Carnitine. Comes in a powder -B Complex: I think that's pretty much it for the holistic protocol, but if I realize I left something out I'll let you know. After being on homemade food and the holistic protocol for 1 month, Chase was a completely different dog. The months leading up to his diagnosis and he literally looked depressed. When he started his initial treatment, he didn't seem as depressed and lethargic, but he wasn't the playful, energetic, happy-go-lucky dog that he used to be.
I took Chase in for his follow up. I was so pleased and I couldn't wait to go back for our 1 month follow up with the vet. The vet could not believe her eyes when she saw Chase. She said she had never seen him looking this full of life since she started treating him.
She took him back to run labs and do a follow up echocardiogram and she came back with phenomenal news. All of his blood work was perfect, but I have even better news! The size of his Left atrium has decrease 2 mm from his baseline measurement when he was first diagnosed in July His dilated left atrium was decreasing in size and his heart function was starting to show improvement!
She was happy and shocked at the same time! She just told me to keep doing everything that I was doing, lol! It's been 2 months since that last visit and we have another follow up tomorrow so I will definitely keep you posted.
I'm so sorry for writing a book, but I just hope that some of this information is helpful. If you have any questions, please don't hesitate to ask. I will try to give you as much info as I can. Wow Allison, your post has been greatly informative. Since then, incidence of him coughing has reduced significantly, but he has started wheezing, owing to a second condition that has developed; canine bronchial disease, which is quite similar to asthma in human. Oral medications are out as it would worsen his heart condition, and he is currently on antibiotics and if it gets worse, he may have to be on Ventolin.
Can you please tell me how much of each holistic supplements u give your dog please and post where u buy them from!! Thank u so much!! Hi Beth, not sure who this question is for?
This is the supplement I add to balance the nutrition in the homemade food to make sure that the dogs get all the nutrients they need. Liquid Ubiquinol and Liquid Krill Oil: Krill Oil for Pets 3. BodSmith 1 Liquid Dog Vitamins all natural blend providing the crucial nutrients dogs need for optimum health.
Necessary vitamins, minerals, herbs, essential fatty acids, trace minerals, amino acids and digestive enzymes, plus Ester-C and Coenzyme Q Another deficiency seen in dogs with CHF. Hawthorne Berry and Red Clover: I am using these herbs is used for their diuretic effects. I bought them in the drop form. I hope this is helpful! Please keep me posted on how things work for you. I can also email you a pdf file of my dosage notes. My dosage calcs are based on a 10 lb Maltese so you may have to adjust the doses for your baby.
I did what u suggested and have had a holistic vet come and see him, she will be contacting his vet and together work with what supplements to give him. She will be returning Friday, she also did acupuncture and cold lazer therapy. Seems to have helped, he seems to have more energy. Thanks so much for sharing ur story, it has given me some hope. Paco is a 9lb Chihuahua and just turned He has a grade 4 murmur and enlarged heart.
Coughs every day but not constant. He is on tussigon, Furosemide, enalapril, Vetmedin, Terbutaline , and thyroxine plus carafate and baby gas x. He is also on salt free diet, and i dehydrate is own treats salt free. Bottled water in fresh running fountain.
He has a cooling coat to keep him cool and from overheating. Allison, Thank you for posting the holistic info. You mentioned that you have a PDF file that list the dosage that you gave to you 10lb. Can you forward this to me? My email address is kgoode yahoo. Thanks for your help. Allison, I would be very interested in the PDF. My dog has the exact same diagnosis as yours.
Can you send it to frysgirl gmail. Allison your post is what gave me hope for my 10 year old Chihuahua with a stage 4 heart murmur. I would very much like to have a copy of your PDF on amounts of supplements. My Melia weighs 7 pounds which is optimum weight for her. I just switched to a low salt pet food for starters. She is having the occasional seizure now which freaks me out.
I never realized the Enalpril could contribute to the coughing. The vet said it was okay to give her one every 12 hours, but I have not done that after reading the thread here. Thank you so much for your input. Gave misty a kiss for you while she was getting her q3h doggy massage. My heart breaks for you Juliette. Take care,and keep us informed of your progress. Take comfort your precious is no longer suffering and running free and happy. A special guardian to look over your child.
If it continues to hurt for much longer maybe you could talk to your dr. There are various ways to help you through your grief that they can discuss with you,and please know I am here if you need to chat anytime.
She became quite ill in july,and we did not expect her to make it 2 weeks and here we are in November. My car never moved without her,standing between the seat on the look out for moose,and bopping to the music when she heard a song she liked! Write your feelings down and send them to your vet. If it stops this happening to one more beloved pet your foxy will not have died in vain.
Hang in there and I am here for you. Hi Alison, Could you forward the pdf with the holistic dosage info to my email as well? You have given my heart hope. I had two cavalier King Charles sisters- I just lost Kiley Last week from complications with her heart and her sister who had previously been Diagnosed last year with a grade 4 heart murmur and CHF is having another day episode.
I have her on enalapril, vetmedin and Salix twice a day- but I have always leaned toward The holistic as being much more productive and better in the long term for them! Thank you so much!!!! My email is kiddlehopper hotmail. Hi Allison, Thank you for all this information. My 13 year old yorkie, Sparkey, was just diagnosed with an enlarged heart.
He is coughing a lot. My vet put him on hydrocodone to suppress his cough. I rather go holistically. I have him on tummeric pills. I would rather go your way. Can you kindly send me your pdf file? Sparkey is 8 pounds. Thank you so much Allison. May God bless you. Howdy is a He has a heart murmur and cushings disease.
I too started cooking him his own meals months ago. It made a huge difference. I just stick chicken breast, a piece of liver for flavor eventhough high in cholesterol can of pumpkin, brown rice and water in the crock pot.
When done, I run it through the food grinder. It made a huge difference with the coughing but now the coughing has returned. Of course, this always happens on the weekends! I started him on Amoxil yesterday to prevent pneumonia. I know he needs a shot of prednisone but taking him to the vet is so stressful on him. His tongue gets purple. Right now, his tongue and gums are a great shade of pink!
Any suggestions for him until the vet opens in the morning? I have Prednisone here but with his Cushings, I am reluctant to give it to him. Hi Ruth, While I hate to give any advise when it could be wrong but I can tell you what my vet told me that it would have been OK to give my Precious another dose of her diuretic, this it what the emergency clinic gave my Precious a shot of Lasix and oxygen.
They tried to keep her overnight but I said no she needs to be with me. I now how you feel it always happens on weekends and nights.
Then next time your at your vet ask him what you can give Howdy if it happens again on a weekend because you know it will , perhaps he can give you a prescription for hydrocodone also which suppresses cough. I know it is frustrating and a never ending battle with drugs that only work temporarily. I too have a 10 lb. I was hoping you could send me your holistic regiment and dosage information.
Along with hydrocodone at night. Teddy is 10 lbs.. I have ordered everything on your list. I was so worried that I might be hurting her and not helping her even though she seems better, less coughing.
I also give dandelion. Could you tell me how much per day? Thank you so much for your post!! Hi Allison, I saw your post on your successful holistic approach for Chase. As my maltese has enlarged heart and coughing, would you pls share with me yr holistic protocols and dosage? Please let me know…thank you. Hi Laurie, not sure if your question is for me or other people who have commented. Supplements given are not a cure just a way to help your dog live a longer healthier life.
Allison, just read your 2 year old update about Chase. The one with the herbal remedies. First, how is he doing? Just started Vetmedin 2 days ago after 2 fainting episodes which occurred after coughing fits.
I want to do the best for her. I wrote down everything you were giving Chase but have no idea of how much of each. Lexy is 8 lbs. My dog is Tonka he is a spunky 13 year old sable Pomeranian.
Before the vet did any tests he said CHF with collapsing trachea. He has always had the backwards sneeze not the actual issue, however most think it is all of his life.
I do feel it is the collapsing trachea not CHF. When u say home made food, what did u make him? Any tips on the collapsing trachea? I am going to start the home diet asap as well as the supplements. I have to say, tonight he was coughing badly so I gave him ventolin, he coughed again 3 together and it s been an hour and he has been good since… I hope Chase and you are well, Thank you Connie. My Eli is about 11, not sure of his exact age because I adopted him from a shelter.
Diagnosed with CHF 7 months ago. Respiratory rate is 60 normal is around He was coughing and coughing for some reason and would cough up foam. I gave him another dose of his Lasix but after 2 hours took him to the hospital.
I am now struggling with the thought of even if he rebounds, when will be the next time. As CHF progresses it will be more trips to the vet hopefully not the emergency vet!
Hard to not use those interchangeably…. When Precious started coughing non stop during the day, that was when I decided it was just too much for her. Thanks for your reply Sue, and you may be right — It might be time to let her go which breaks my heart, but I can tell she has trouble breathing some days.
She might have a day or so of not coughing most of the day, but then the next day she is right back to it. She is worse when she is around me because she is so attached to me and gets more excited when I talk to her, etc. I just told my husband today that by the time her next refill is due on her meds. Thanks for your post, it lets us know we are not alone in this. I meant to check the box to notify me of follow up and forgot so that is the reason for this post!
Gosh, thanks Allison for the report on your dog. I know that dog food that we buy is bad, I try to buy the organic — natural stuff — but you never know.
I am going to try making her food and the supplements you talked about. She is so sweet and gentle to everyone, she is a perfect little yorkie — she holds her ears up and she is very tiny Which I think might have been her downfall — being so small. She is not doing well at all the last couple of days — coughing, etc. I am going back to your post and look at those cooking ideas and see what I can do.
Glad your little doggie is doing well and congrats on going to medical school — sounds like you will be the type of Dr. Maybe you should become a vet. Thank you very much for your concern. Sue I read your article with tears in my eyes-I have a 13 year Boston that is my old girl and I love her so much. It started with a cough and off to the vet we went. He tells me she has a heart murmur and put her on benzapril for the murmur and furosemide for the fluid build up-she has been on it for about a week now and the cough seems to be worse not better-I am off to the vet again tomo-I am going to have him xray her heart and some other things to cover my basis-I do know that this is the start of end which according to him is still 3 to 4 years but I feel so helpless and like I am not doing enough to make her comfortable-Thanks for this article I am glad I found it.
Hi Karen, I feel your pain I hope you can have a little longer cough-free time with your girl. I know every case is different but I think maybe your vet is stretching the facts a little when he says that the end is 3 or 4 years away. That would make her 17 years old which is usually the age that healthy small dogs live until. I have a chihuahua furkid called Akie. He is 13 yrs old and he has been diagnosed with CHF stage 3 recently.
Aparts of this he also having trachea collapsing which contribute to his coughing daily. I have been in and out to the vet quite often recently and nothing seems to ease his coughing..
His coughing is getting worst. Apparently, he is having Fortekor, Vetmedin and Furosemide for his heart enlargement. He has been diagnosed with heart enlargement 3 yrs ago, during that time he has been hospitalized but he recovered… I have been maintaining him by all the medication in correct timing each day, low sodium diet and no strenuous activities.
Apart of all the medications, he is also been taking Taurine, CoQ10, Hawthorne, Omega Fish Oil and etc supplements… I really have no idea where goes wrong recently… I just wish n hope that he will speedy recovery the soonest.
The vet just told me that if I would have him for another 6 to 12 months… He should consider that I am extremely happy and lucky…. Hi Miri, It sounds like your blaming yourself for him not getting better. Maybe if you believe in reincarnation like myself you can take comfort in knowing that he may possibly come back to you, if not in this life maybe the next. She is currently 15 and a half years old and acts like a puppy.
She has been diagnosed with collapsing trachea and CHF. I kicked into high gear as things unfolded and so Tatie has a cardiologist, a general practitioner, a holistic vet and an energy worker. She never needed any treatment for CT. None of these meds dosages have needed to be changed since her original diagnosis. She sees her cardio three times a year and he does diagnostics every other visit blood work, xray and sonogram if needed.
As I mentioned, Tatie sees a holistic vet as well. Every month or two she also receives acupuncture or chiropractic in addition to the cold laser treatments. I cook for her- beef and chicken boiled, a little broccoli and pasta, and no sodium.
She weighs about 8 lbs and has been on a wonderful plateau for some time now. She could not get out of the loop. It was awful…a HUGE sound, very guttural, coming from a little dog. I took her to her cardio the very next day.
He thought either the bath excitement triggered her or perhaps she aspirated a little water. What a trade off. So she needs to eat to handle the effects of a drug that upsets her belly! I should also mention that I get her meds compounded. And so I go forth- one step at a time with Tatie. Oh, and someone mentioned something I deal with as well: Thank you all so much for posting you own stories.
Support is so key to dealing with these difficult conditions. He has had CHF for over 2 years starting with massive seizures. He is on pimobenden and after reading all these posts, I have added the Enepril also which I had here on hand from Fluppy.
He takes 20 mg. Lasix per day but vet told me NOT to increase this dose since it can damage kidneys. He coughed all night and wheezed. So sad to listen to. He got up and walked around many times, probably for water. He is on cough suppressents and also has had steroid injections.
He also has Cushings Disease. Howdy is a medium sized Maltese and the largest one I have. He is just a happy go lucky kind of dog, never a problem. I am going to start cooking his food too. I give him his meds in Liverwurst but now reading the posts about SALT, going to change that plan too…Looks like I will be making my own liverwurst too!
Thanks for sharing all. Hi All, I have read your stories and feel mine may be of use. My dog was a rescue dog from Spain a small honey coloured terrier. I homed her 7 years ago when she was roughly about 4 years old then. I had her screened two years ago when we were coming back to the Uk and the vet diagnosed a heart murmur.
She was well and happy up to last Easter Monday when her resting respiratory rate was 70, coughing on exertion and she was breathing using her abdominal muscles, very lethargic and mucous membranes not pink at all.
I went to the emergency vet and she diagnosed a grossly enlarged heart and CHF. After treating with diuretics and cardisure she was released after 3 hours. She made a slow recovery on these meds but this morning she vomited 3 times loosing bile and frothy fluid she then drank three full bowls of water and her breathing was 60 per minute with blueish mucous membranes. I went to the vet who gave me the choice of aggressive treatment or euthanasia.
I am now very sad but glad she did not have to live with this condition over a longtime. She was a much loved dog but I could not stay with her I did see her shortly afterwards and she was at peace. It was a very tough decision but one which has to be taken bearing in mind the suffering of the dog.
I hope if anyone reads this they will find some strength to make the hardest decision of all. Howdy is doing MUCH better. He is even lively and wagging! He is a maltese, Poor guy is bowlegged too! I bought him in Kansas from a home breeder. His coughing has greatly reduced using the small amount of Hycodan twice a day with the Pimobenden, Lasix and Vetrol for his Cushings Disease. I boil his chicken with rice in the rice cooker with some garlic powder. I add doggie vitamins and he is just thrilled with his meal!
God must have needed my precious baby boy because I had to send him to heaven the next day. The vet does not know what was causing it, but he was bleeding internally somewhere, possibly from the Previcox he took daily for his deteriorated spine. I miss him every second but when you love someone so much, you have to let them go instead of suffering. Although he still eats and loves his treats.
I have had to make that dreaded decision many times and it gets no easier. I think we all can sympathize with what your dealing with. I have to say my Precious coughed a lot also but all at once the cough got deeper and pretty much non-stop. Have you tried hydro codone to help suppress some of the coughing? She has been doing amazingly well thinks to the medications she has been on. The last two days the cough has increased.
She has not been to the vet for a while, so maybe we will go for a visit this morning. The coughing makes sleep difficult for both of us. Wow, I have to say you are lucky that your dog has lived to her age of I hope she lives even longer. So sorry to report that I lost my precious little girl May 7, I am having a terrible time adjusting to the loss. I miss her terribly. I am thinkful that she passed at home and in the arms of those who loved her.
My dog has chf, she is She coughs more at nite. Started on lasiz for about a week, cough continued. Will take the Vets advice for heart medication and I guess return to the lasiz also. She was on 40 mg a day, heart meds scare me because iam unsure of what might happen. She cough an gags. What medication did you have you dog on, that she lived to be amazingly 19 yrs old??
Iam beside my self of what to do. If not for the cough my dog Cindy is fine. Plays runs around eats like a horse. Please give me an insight into the medications or combination of meds. So I will be knowledgable when I talk to my Vet. We will be devastated to loose her. What to save my dog, need to help her so bad, just breaks my heart to hear her cough so much.
And i cant do anything. Thank you so very much. Mostly your vet will start with one or two drugs and as time goes by and her coughing gets worse as it usually does they add more drugs. I am going through a similar situation but my babies heart is enlarged quite a bit.
You would think with the advances we have in medicine there was more they could do. I have to say when I wrote this article I never dreamed it would connect with so many other pet lovers. My point Sammy was a rescue, but if I had to guess he is probably He has had a cough since about 10 years ago, I thought crushed trac. And almost like both nothing happened. I just hope he keeps ticking because although he intentionally posses everywhere in spite, I really adore him.
Hi Jill, what you described are seizures. My Precious had the same thing and as time went on they did get worse. Eventually the vet determined she had low thyroid a possible cause of seizures and was started on thyroid medicine.
I wrote a post about seizures that might interest you or others who are not sure if their dog is having seizures. Sammy is lucky to have you. Blessings to you both. Thanks so much for sharing your story. He was initially diagnosed back in November as stage 2, and in May stage 3.
Two weeks after receiving the stage 3 diagnosis he quickly went to a stage 4 and the cardiologist began treatment with enalapril, furosemide, and vetmedin. He seems a little more energetic.
I plan to start adding supplements such as the vitamin E, fish oils, etc that everyone has mentioned. At this time Carter was not showing all the symptoms of CHF such as coughing and wheezing, only lethargy and sleeping alot. Hopefully his condition will improve and give him some extra time with me. Thanks for your story, I was wondering when he was diagnosed with the arrhythmia did he do any tests to possible determine what the possible cause could be?
I know arrhythmia can be the result of things like hypothyroidism. My Precious had low thyroid but surprisingly when looking at her you would never guess. She really had no outward appearances of low thyroid. I suspect your vet probably feels Carter has bigger problems to worry about but I just like to mention this for other readers.
Good luck, I hope Carter is with you a little longer he seems to young to have to leave you yet. It began with a cough, and when she did not get better with antibiotics they did an x-ray which showed an enlargement.
From there we had an echo with the cardiologist and she did better until April of , when she ended up in critical condition and on oxygen for several days in the hospital. Thank G-d they stabilized her and she has been on Lasix 25 mg three times a day, she is only 10 pounds, little thing, Vetmedin and Enalopril, until the Enalopril was stopped just two days to give her kidneys a break. A couple of months ago, April , she had stomach issues and the internist diagnosed her with a gall bladder mucoecele.
She needed her gall bladder out, but because of her heart failure this was not possible. So, added to the medication mix, are Denamarin and Ursodial for her gall bladder, liver and pancreas. Just two days ago, her blood levels for her kidneys were elevated so we stopped the Enalopril and are waiting for the tests for her kidneys to come back. Thank you so much for this thread. We got through the loss together. Hi Laurel, Since your Mom has past away maybe if you just tell yourself that she wants to be with Sophia again that it will be easier to let her go.
You will be in our thoughts. Thank you Sue for your kind response and also for hosting this web page. I think it has provided not only valuable information but solace from and connection with others who understand. She took care of me until the end. She normally shakes like crazy at the vet, but a tranquility and serenity took over, and it was her signal to me that yes, it was okay, it was time.
I was so ambivalent thinking it was too early. I have been reading all the posts, Allison I am very Interested in trying your treatment for chase. I have a rescue shitzu that was used for breeding only for seven years of her life from a puppy mill. We were allowed to get her because we have 2 dogs she could learn from , we have had her 5 years and she was supposed to be 7 when we got her. She is the most precious soulful little dog.
Just in the past couple years has she caught on that like can be grand and she seems so happy. Of course shortly after we got her we found out she had a grade 4 heart murmer and also had to have bladder stones surgically removed. She is very peppy, but has a nasty cough. I would like to get you amounts of these supplements, Molly weighs about 17 lbs.
Your help would be appreciated. Oh I forgot to mention she has a trachea problem also that when she drinks she chokes and coughs on it. Well, I believe I have found the correct site. My little tiny Dusti is a 13yr. Her cough is now turning into a high pitched sqeak where as before it was more of a hack.
She sleeps on her right side with her little left paw extended every time. I guess tomorrow I will take her to the vet. Bless all of you for we are all basically going thru the same thing. Thank you for starting this post.
It sounds like you found some comfort here, which I am glad. I hope everything goes well with Dusti at vet. Hi Sue, Took Dusti to the vet, he said her lungs sounded clearer. Must be doing something right! Then, the next day the dreaded coughing again began. I held her in my arms promising my love for her was eternal. The last week has been unbearable. Guess I will have to take her to Dr. How old is Deenie, is it possible you can get her a new companion? Maybe an older dog if she is not that energetic anymore.
Deenie is 13 also. We have an 8yr. Too busy running around trying to find Dusti. Who was her sister I try showing her more attention. We think she was maltreated as a puppy, we adopted her from the shelter when she was about a year old. I crush her meds with a pestle, then mix with peanut butter using a miniature spatula, then use my finger to spread it on the roof of her mouth. She licks it down while I kiss her nose and tell her how much I love her.
Thanks for sharing how you get yours to take her medicine. Maybe it can help others who have tried just about everything. A soft treat you can hide a pill in. You can form them to any size. I use a syringe like a baby one, a pharmacy will just give u one if u ask Then it is so easy to administer. Depending on the meds, do not crush! Especially tramadol, that is nasty. I often hid between a spoon full of wet food. If she got a taste of even the residue from my hands, that was it, I had a fight on my hands.
She was also a dog with she wont eatpeanutbutter or butter, or cheese LOL. So, now I make tuna salad with low sodium tuna and that slides down. Another thing that works really well is a tiny piece of wonder bread with the meds squished between it. I would put on her wet food or dip in something meaty and that worked great for hiding the pill and hiding the taste. Good luck everyone, WHAT ever works, just some more suggestions.
She has very few accidents. She started having some at first, now she can sleep all night without having one. She is crated at night with a bowl of water and potty pads just in case. After reading these stories, I upped her Lasix just a wee bit this morning to a little over 3mg to see if that will help until I can get her back to the vet.