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Maureen started practicing yoga when she was There, the conquistadors found the tlalcacahuatl the plant's Nahuatl name, whence Mexican Spanish cacahuate , Castillian Spanish cacahuete , and French cacahuète being offered for sale in the marketplace of Tenochtitlan. Peanut butter is a food paste or spread made from ground dry roasted peanuts. Retrieved April 23, Bindy leads you on a shamanic soul sound journey to other worlds and deep spiritual levels with the tones that will connect you to your chakras, your guides and to the Divine. Individually, they are eaten dry-roasted with or without salt.

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If it is too early, too many pods will be unripe. If too late, the pods will snap off at the stalk, and will remain in the soil. Harvesting occurs in two stages: The machine lifts the "bush" from the ground and shakes it, then inverts the bush, leaving the plant upside down on the ground to keep the peanuts out of the soil.

This allows the peanuts to dry slowly to a little less than a third of their original moisture level over a period of three to four days. Traditionally, peanuts were pulled and inverted by hand. After the peanuts have dried sufficiently, they are threshed , removing the peanut pods from the rest of the bush. If they are too high in moisture, or if storage conditions are poor, they may become infected by the mold fungus Aspergillus flavus.

Many strains of this fungus release toxic and highly carcinogenic substances called aflatoxins. There are many peanut cultivars grown around the world. Certain cultivar groups are preferred for particular characteristics, such as differences in flavor, oil content, size, shape, and disease resistance. Spanish peanuts are used mostly for peanut candy, salted nuts, and peanut butter.

Spanish peanuts have a higher oil content than other types of peanuts. Since , the southeastern US region has seen a shift to production of Runner group peanuts. This shift is due to good flavor, better roasting characteristics and higher yields when compared to Spanish types, leading to food manufacturers' preference for the use in peanut butter and salted nuts.

They are increasing in popularity due to demand for large peanuts for processing, particularly for salting, confections, and roasting in the shells. Virginia group peanuts are either bunch or running in growth habit. The bunch type is upright to spreading. Valencia group peanuts are coarse, and they have heavy reddish stems and large foliage.

In the United States, large commercial production is primarily in the South Plains of West Texas and eastern New Mexico near and south of Portales, New Mexico , but they are grown on a small scale elsewhere in the South as the best-flavored and preferred type for boiled peanuts.

Peanut pods are borne on pegs arising from the main stem and the side branches. Most of the pods are clustered around the base of the plant, and only a few are found several inches away. Valencia types are three- to five-seeded and smooth, with no constriction of the shell between the seeds. Seeds are oval and tightly crowded into the pods.

Typical seed weight is 0. This type is used heavily for sale roasted and salted in-shell peanuts and peanut butter. Varieties include 'Valencia A' and 'Valencia C'. These are alike, except for the color of the seed. Sometimes known also as Texas Red or White, the plants are similar to Valencia types, except the stems are green to greenish brown, and the pods are rough, irregular, and have a smaller proportion of kernels.

In , world production of peanuts in shells was Other significant producers were Nigeria, the United States, and Sudan. In the United States, Georgia is the leading peanut-producing state, followed by Texas and Alabama, respectively.

Peanut oil is often used in cooking, because it has a mild flavor and a relatively high smoke point. Due to its high monounsaturated content, it is considered more healthful than saturated oils , and is resistant to rancidity. The several types of peanut oil include: In the United States, refined peanut oil is exempt from allergen labeling laws.

Peanut butter is a food paste or spread made from ground dry roasted peanuts. It often contains additional ingredients that modify the taste or texture, such as salt, sweeteners or emulsifiers.

Peanut butter is served as a spread on bread, toast or crackers, and used to make sandwiches notably the peanut butter and jelly sandwich. It is also used in a number of confections, such as peanut-flavored granola bars or croissants and other pastries. Peanut flour is used as a gluten-free solution. In the US South, boiled peanuts are often prepared in briny water, and sold in street side stands.

Peanuts are particularly common in Peruvian and Mexican cuisine, both of which marry indigenous and European ingredients. For instance, in Peru, a popular traditional dish is picante de cuy , [35] a roasted guinea pig served in a sauce of ground peanuts ingredients native to South America with roasted onions and garlic ingredients from European cuisine.

Also, in the Peruvian city of Arequipa , a dish called ocopa consists of a smooth sauce of roasted peanuts and hot peppers both native to the region with roasted onions, garlic, and oil, poured over meat or potatoes. These dishes are generally known as ajíes , meaning "hot peppers", such as ají de pollo and ají de mariscos seafood ajíes may omit peanuts.

Likewise, during colonial times in Peru, the Spanish used peanuts to replace nuts unavailable locally, but used extensively in Spanish cuisine , such as almonds and pine nuts, typically ground or as paste mixed with rice, meats, and vegetables for dishes like rice pilaf. Crunchy coated peanuts, called kabukim in Hebrew, are a popular snack in Israel.

Kabukim are commonly sold by weight at corner stores where fresh nuts and seeds are sold, though they are also available packaged. The coating typically consists of flour, salt, starch, lecithin, and sometimes sesame seeds. The origin of the name is obscure it may be derived from kabuk which means nutshell or husk in Turkish. An additional variety of crunchy coated peanuts popular in Israel is "American peanuts". The coating of this variety is thinner, but harder to crack.

Bamba puffs are a popular snack in Israel. Their shape is similar to Cheez Doodles , but they are made of peanuts and corn.

Peanuts are also widely used in Southeast Asian cuisine, such as in Malaysia , Vietnam , and Indonesia , where they are typically made into a spicy sauce. Peanuts originally came to Indonesia from the Philippines , where the legume derived from Mexico in times of Spanish colonization. One Philippine dish using peanuts is kare-kare , a mixture of meat and peanut butter.

Common Indonesian peanut-based dishes include gado-gado , pecel , karedok , and ketoprak , vegetable salads mixed with peanut sauce, and the peanut-based sauce, satay. In the Indian subcontinent , peanuts are a light snack, usually roasted and salted sometimes with the addition of chilli powder , and often sold roasted in pods or boiled with salt.

They are also made into dessert or sweet snack pieces by processing with refined sugar and jaggery. Indian cuisine uses roasted, crushed peanuts to give a crunchy body to salads; they are added whole without pods to leafy vegetable stews for the same reason.

Another use is peanut oil for cooking. Most Indians use mustard , sunflower , and peanut oil for cooking. In South India , groundnut chutney is eaten with dosa and idli at breakfast. Peanuts are also used in sweets and savory items in South India and also as a flavor in tamarind rice. Kovilpatti is known for its sweet peanut chikki , which is also used in savory and sweet mixtures, such as Bombay mix. Peanuts grow well in southern Mali and adjacent regions of the Ivory Coast , Burkina Faso , Ghana , Nigeria , and Senegal ; peanuts are similar in both agricultural and culinary qualities to the Bambara groundnut native to the region, and West Africans have adopted the crop as a staple.

Peanuts are used in the Malian meat stew maafe. In Ghana , peanut butter is used for peanut butter soup nkate nkwan. Peanut powder is an important ingredient in the spicy coating for kebabs in Nigeria and Ghana. Peanuts are a common ingredient of several types of relishes dishes which accompany nshima eaten in Malawi and in the eastern part of Zambia , and these dishes are common throughout both countries.

Thick peanut butter sauces are also made in Uganda to serve with rice and other starchy foods. Groundnut stew , locally called ebinyebwa in Uganda , is made by boiling ground peanut flour with other ingredients, such as cabbage , mushrooms , dried fish, meat or other vegetables.

In Canada and the United States, peanuts are used in candies, cakes, cookies, and other sweets. Individually, they are eaten dry-roasted with or without salt. Ninety-five percent of Canadians eat peanuts or peanut butter, with average consumption of 3 kilograms 6.

Per person, Americans eat 6 pounds 2. Peanuts are used to help fight malnutrition. Plumpy Nut , MANA Nutrition, [44] and Medika Mamba [45] are high-protein, high-energy, and high-nutrient peanut-based pastes developed to be used as a therapeutic food to aid in famine relief.

Peanuts can be used like other legumes and grains to make a lactose -free, milk -like beverage, peanut milk , which is promoted in Africa as a way to reduce malnutrition among children.

Peanut plant tops and crop residues can be used for hay. The protein cake oilcake meal residue from oil processing is used as an animal feed and as a soil fertilizer. Groundnut cake is a livestock feed, mostly used by cattle as protein supplements. Other components are crude fiber, crude protein, and fat. Some peanuts can also be fed whole to livestock, for example those in excess of the peanut quota in the USA, or those with a higher aflatoxin content than that permitted by the food regulations.

Peanut processing often requires dehulling: Peanuts have a variety of industrial end uses. Paint, varnish, lubricating oil, leather dressings, furniture polish, insecticides, and nitroglycerin are made from peanut oil. Soap is made from saponified oil, and many cosmetics contain peanut oil and its derivatives. The protein portion is used in the manufacture of some textile fibers.

Peanut shells are used in the manufacture of plastic, wallboard, abrasives, fuel, cellulose used in rayon and paper , and mucilage glue. Peanuts are rich in essential nutrients right table, USDA nutrient data. They also contain about 25 g protein per g serving, a higher proportion than in many tree nuts.

Some studies show that regular consumption of peanuts is associated with a lower specific risk of mortality from certain diseases. Peanuts contain polyphenols , polyunsaturated and monounsaturated fats , phytosterols and dietary fiber in amounts similar to several tree nuts. Peanut skins contain resveratrol which is under preliminary research for its potential effects in humans. Eating a small amount of peanut can cause a reaction.

Because of their widespread use in prepared and packaged foods, the avoidance of peanuts can be difficult. The reading of ingredients and warnings on product packaging is necessary to avoid this allergen. Foods that are processed in facilities which also handle peanuts on the same equipment as other foods are required to carry such warnings on their labels.

Avoiding cross contamination with peanuts and peanut products, along with other severe allergens like shellfish is a promoted and common practice which chefs and restaurants worldwide are becoming aware of. The hygiene hypothesis of allergy states that a lack of early childhood exposure to infectious agents like germs and parasites could be causing the increase of food allergies.

Studies comparing age of peanut introduction in Great Britain with introduction in Israel showed that delaying exposure to peanuts in childhood can dramatically increase the risk of developing peanut allergies.

Peanut allergy has been associated with the use of skin preparations containing peanut oil among children, but the evidence is not regarded as conclusive. Some school districts in the United States and elsewhere have banned peanuts. A recent study in Canada has shown that there is no difference in the percentage of accidental exposures occurring in schools prohibiting peanuts than in schools allowing them. Refined peanut oil will not cause allergic reactions in most people with peanut allergies.

If peanut plants are subjected to severe drought during pod formation, or if pods are not properly stored, they may become contaminated with the mold Aspergillus flavus which may produce carcinogenic substances called aflatoxins. Lower-quality peanuts, particularly where mold is evident, are more likely to be contaminated.

The peanut industry has manufacturing steps in place to ensure all peanuts are inspected for aflatoxin. A bowl of sev mamra , consisting of puffed rice, peanuts and fried seasoned noodles. In she became certified in Vibroacoustic Sound Healing and completed training as a Clinical Aromatherapist in Her practice is currently closed to new clients. Maureen was a founding member of the hospital's Council on Integrative Medicine and developed a Reiki policy for the Patient Care Services.

Maureen started practicing yoga when she was By the time she was 17 in nursing school, she started teaching her classmates yoga. It has been a passion of hers all her life.

In , she started the Finding Inner Peace Yoga Teacher Certification and has been training yoga teachers since then. She sees yoga as her calling in life and is committed to continuing the practice and training for other yoga enthusiasts. In , she developed the Yoga School Kit to teach qualified yoga teachers how to set up an affiliate location.

Sudhir will share what he practices on regular basis and will also talk about how to heal through Pranayam and reach Samadhi! Pranayam ke dvara, Vyaadhi se Samadhi tak ki yatra!!! According to Vedanta the motive behind all human actions is the pursuit of happiness.

So, what you think are the impediments to your happiness? You will be happy that you did: Sanjay Saxena runs a spiritual ministry www. Both organize several spiritual celebrations at local temples. They are volunteers for All WorldGayatri Pariwar, a mission committed to bringing about "Thought Revolution" and transformation of consciousness for the bright future of humanity.

Move from your breath. Join Sandy Bothmer as she guides you in an organic expression of your spirit self. This process may become a part of your personal practice.

Come ready to move. Bring a water bottle, journal, shawl or wrap, yoga mat, and a desire to connect to and express your inner self for improved well-being. Sandy Bothmer has practiced yoga for fifteen years and has reaped its many benefits. She has an M. Sandy has a private practice in energy medicine working with adults and children, some on the autistic spectrum, anxiety issues, and ADHD. Passionate is the best word to describe her interest in helping others find inner peace through her Moving From Within workshops where movement, asanas, and pranayama merge into an authentic expression of self.

Victoria currently focuses her energy as the Director of The Baba Siri Chand Yoga Center in Millis, Ma where she combines her many skills to facilitate healing and empowerment with clients and students. She is also available for workshops, consulting and private sessions. To contact Victoria directly please e-mail DivinePrincessofLight gmail. CHAIR YOGA with Jessica Lang Wright Chair Yoga incorporates the use of a chair into the practice that the student uses to support them so they may receive the very same benefits as mat yoga without the stress and strain of getting down to or up from the floor.

Meditation, breath work and chanting are incorporated, just like a regular mat yoga class. Chair yoga can help you feel better and regain strength and flexibility.

Jessica specifically uses the methods learned in Laskshmi Voelker Chair Yoga certification to help students gain all the benefits of yoga from a comfortable seat. Chair yoga is for every body!

Jessica incorporates her varied background into her classes which include pranayama, chanting with the accompaniment of the harmonium, meditation, and a flowing asana practice with careful attention to alignment of the body in each of the poses. She was inspired by a personal illness to become certified in chair yoga as a way to allow people that might not be able to take a mat class to experience everything that yoga has to offer.

Nia is a dynamic movement and transformational lifestyle practice with opportunity to move and play, to express and explore, get fit, and to personally develop by making a deeper, and richer connection to the body. Nia teaches people of all lifestyles and abilities to explore movement guided by the Sensation of Pleasure, vs No Pain- No Gain and allows participants to move towards their personal health and well being goals as well as achieving stability, mobility, balance, strength, agility, and cardio benefits.

Laura Selmer is a lifelong lover of dance and licensed Nia Instructor since Through professional and personal experience she is able to explore and teach movement as an expressive means and creative healing tool. RxRelax with Jay Gupta What is the perfect prescription for inner peace?

RxRelax is a pratyahar practice that leads to inner peace, inner awareness. Come explore the path of this guided, deeply relaxing experience! In a scientific manner, it releases tension and defrags the unconscious, relaxes and trains the mind, and opens us to higher levels of creativity and capacity.

We'll also work with our Sankalpa , or powerful resolve. While this will be a challenging session, modifications will be offered and you can rest whenever you feel the need. Our practice will be dedicated to removing obstacles and recommitting all of our actions to Peace: She teaches a vinyasa, or flowing style of yoga, which links breathe with movement to create strength, flexibility and balance.

Elizabeth infuses all her classes with a sense of joy and fun. She grew up in Dorchester, MA second to the youngest in a family of eleven which helped shape her sense of humor. Through this practice, we gradually learn to reconnect with our innate simplicity, joy and wisdom. Joline will share some gentle breathing and chair movements. Gene will provide instruction and guide a meditation on this practice.

Both Beginner and experienced meditators welcomed. Gene Taylor is meditation practice leader at Wonderwell Mountain Refuge. He is member of the Greater Concord Interfaith Council.

As a member of the Interfaith Council he organizes an annual walk for global hunger relief. He is a member of the Buddhist Peace Fellowship and a practitioner of engaged Buddhism.

Jolene Csakany has dabbled with yoga on and off for more than 10 years. She was overweight and felt stuck in a downward spiral when a friend introduced her to Ashtanga Vinyasa yoga. She hated the class at first and could barely keep up, but stuck with it because she liked the teacher who despite the fast pace made sure students listened to their own bodies, taking breaks when needed and reminding that yoga is never about competing with others or ourselves.

After a few months she found myself herself looking forward to class, motivated by both physical progress and the moving meditative state the breath work and flow through the asanas creates. Initially, she joined the teacher training course to improve her own practice, but soon felt she had a lot to share with others and loves being able to help people meet whatever goals they hope yoga can help with- whether it be an improved physical state, relaxation and stress management, or deepening a meditative practice.

Friend him on facebook under Romy Valdez Ramjeet Singh. We will rhythmically flow through basic and moderate posture sequences, exploring the combined senses of our breath and body through movement-tasting the mind-body connection, flow to our natural rhythms and connect to all parts of our being.

She has been practicing and sharing traditional yoga for over 25 years. Doris holds a B. Please join me as we attune to the energies of order and proper rhythm, divine grace, personal power, prosperity and manifestation. All levels are welcome. No experience with yoga or mantra is necessary.

Gretchen Carmel Rajeshwari earned a B. After many years in the professional world of dance, Gretchen became a certified Kripalu and Vinyasa Flow Yoga teacher. Gretchen has been practicing, studying, and living Yoga since She brings to her teaching a high level of committment, love for her students, and the joy of mantra, inspired by her teacher Namadeva Acharya Thomas Ashley-Farrand.

Learn how to integrate yoga postures and movement concepts, as we explore the many different ways our bodies can creatively move. Using songs, games and appropriate relaxation techniques, this workshop is experiential and guaranteed to be lots of fun!

Rosemary Todd Clough has been teaching, exploring and creating through yoga and creative dance for over 30 years. A teacher to students of all ages, Rosemary brings a depth of experience and a playful approach to all of her classes and to her teacher training - www. Rosemary has been on the teaching faculty of colleges, schools and nationally certified Yoga Teacher Training courses and was elected a teaching fellow at Harvard University.

She recently completed an Acharya Intensive master teacher at the Kripalu Center and was given a Sanskrit name, Laxmidevi. Rosemary is a mother of five and a grandmother. These movements focus on full body patterns rather than areas of pain and restriction.

Habitually contracted muscles can release resulting in increased flexibility, coordination, stress release, balance and proprioception. It is the brain that controls the muscles, therefore the best method for long term relief is active improvement of the nervous system. This class will include movements for the jaw, neck, shoulders, back, hips, and ankles. Bring a yoga mat. Laughter has now been scientifically proven to have a powerful and uplifting effect on mood, attitude, creativity, resilience and muscle strength plus many more amazing physiological benefits.

Lisa is the on-air host and producer of the weekly cable television show Z Lighter Side of Transformation. She is also a monthly guest on Thinking Out Loud, a radio and webcast talk show that covers politics and health. Visit her web site www. You will gain, strength, flexibility, and a sense of opening as well as grounding in the body and mind through your practice. She has a dance background including ballet, modern dance, jazz, bellydance, and yoga dance.

She values the transformative aspects of yoga and feels that everyone can benefit from yoga. Please visit Chrome Yoga on Facebook for more information. Chrome Yoga's mission is to employ the practice yoga to polish the body and the mind. Dev This session will be led by two experienced finance professionals who can help bring peace of mind to the whole arena of finance.

Janice Dokla , from Digital Federal Credit Union DCU , will give you an overview of DCU, a not-for-profit organization that is all about saving members money and making your banking less costly and less stressful!

Jai Dev , of Ameriprise Financial Services, will help you give voice to your dreams! Find out how you can bring your dreams more within reach, including a more confident retirement. However, the seminar is not directed only to people at the cusp of retirement. Jai Dev will also share a brief introduction to holistic financial planning. Janice Dokla has an extensive background in the financial services industry with over 25 years of experience.

Dokla is also responsible for business development. Dev is a personal financial advisor, and business financial advisor, who focuses on the financial needs of professionals. He has more than 25 years of experience in finance, having served as the Chief Financial Officer of several corporations including Maha Associates Inc.

For the last 5 years he has been building a successful financial planning practice, primarily in the New England area. With a series of body awareness and focus exercises we will reawaken our energy centers, releasing tension and anxiety, and reclaiming inner balance and a sense of purpose. Lisa Jones has been studying wellness and yoga for more than 35 years. Kaiilama is a lifetime seeker of freedom! Her interest in a variety of spiritual studies i.

Her first breathwork experience was so profound and astounding that 6 months later she began to facilitate others towards the goal of certification. Presently, she is an Assistant Trainer of this Institute.

Her passion in life is to assist others in finding their way home to a deeper connection and a relaxed freedom of truly loving themselves. In addition, she continues to love and learn from her greatest teachers her 3 sons and her husband. YogaDance classes are a daily ritual at Kripalu to this day. Sacred yoga dance, called Tandava, dates back to the 9th century predating hatha yoga which is the spectacular physical form of modern yoga that is practiced today.

In addition to classic postures, the asanas combine into a repertoire of simple easy movements that form the basis of a Shake Your Soul class. This format enables you to create an explosion of joy by getting out of your head, finding your inner child and letting preconceived notions and judgments melt away. She is known for providing personalized attention, ensuring a safe, nurturing and accessible experience for students of all levels.

The Yoga of Dance, a unique approach that brings together the mind, body and spirit through playful movement and dance set to lively and uplifting music. Vicki is an accomplished fundraising and marketing executive, and an independent consultant to the not-for-profit sector. She is a graduate of Emmanuel College in Boston.

Having pursued Shake Your Soul teacher training as a way to explore her love of yoga, dance and music, she is thrilled to be sharing this energizing and joyous form of exercise and mindfulness in New Hampshire. Outside of her Shake Your Soul teaching endeavors, Lisa is an environmental professional and works in the world of organic food.

There is a dancer inside all of us. Come to a Shake Your Soul class and reconnect with yours! Zsuzsi Gero works as a psychotherapist in downtown Nashua, NH.

Her passion and interest in creative expression and healing movement began while studying psychology in Hungary. It is her personal and professional experience that body mind approaches are essential to emotional health and psychological well-being.

Play, creativity and movement enhance insight and increase integration of new information into the mind, and make life more fun. She is excited to share this fun, exhilarating and also grounding and healing form of movement.

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