Fish physiology

Structural diversity

IX. Metabolism
In the more primitive groups like some minnows , bichirs and lungfish , the bladder is open to the esophagus and double as a lung. In predatory carnivorous fishes, the mouth is usually large for engulfing prey whole, or in large chunks, and teeth are present on the jaws e. Your contribution may be further edited by our staff, and its publication is subject to our final approval. The freshwater habitats may be seen to be of many kinds. Part I-systematics, middle ear evolution, and jaw suspension. Carp Catfish Salmonids Tilapia.

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Present to your audience Start remote presentation. Do you really want to delete this prezi? Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again. Comments 0 Please log in to add your comment. Alex Safian and Danielle Baker A standard bony fish contains a two chambered heart that is located below the gills. Bony fish and sharks are known to be a single circulation species. The Heart What is single circulation? The Countercurrent System First, the blood in the gills flows in the opposite direction to the water passing over them.

When the water has passed over the gills, the blood is "hungry" for the oxygen that is there. The blood then becomes rich in oxygen. Single circulation is when the blood passes through the heart once every time it circulates. Gas Exchange Gas exchange is when diffusion takes place, in the gills, only if oxygen is more concentrated in the water than in the blood.

However, once the oxygen is diffused into the gills, the water surrounding the fish is depleted, and gas exchange loses its efficiency.

More About Fish 68 references found in Britannica articles Assorted References conservation and extinction issues In conservation: Freshwater fish In conservation: In the oceans In conservation: Culture and religion anatomy and physiology bioluminescence In bioluminescence: The role of bioluminescence in behaviour body part regeneration In regeneration: Fishes chemoreception In chemoreception: Fish circulatory system In circulatory system: Circulation in jawed vertebrates excretory system In excretion: Fishes hearing ability In sound reception: Hearing in fishes View More.

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Introduction General features Structural diversity Distribution and abundance Natural history Life history Behaviour Locomotion Reproduction Form and function Body plan The skin The muscle system The digestive system The respiratory system The circulatory system Excretory organs Endocrine glands The nervous system and sensory organs Olfaction Taste Sight Hearing Other senses touch, pain, and special senses Evolution and paleontology Agnatha: You may find it helpful to search within the site to see how similar or related subjects are covered.

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Around the pyloric caeca or in that same area in fish lacking them is pancreatic tissue. In fish the pancreas is usually diffuse, not a discreet body. As in all vertebrates, the pancreas has two digestive functions. It is the source of: The liver in fish produces bile which is stored in the gall bladder until a bolus passes the stomach, at which time the bile is expelled into the intestine. Bile contains waste products of liver activity which pass out of the fish in the feces.

Bile has a digestive function in that it emulsifies lipids, greatly increasing their absorbtion in the intestine. The liver is key in the anabolism and catabolism of amino acids absorbed during digestion and is also the site of storage of food energy in the form of glycogen.

General features