Type 2 Diabetes Diagnosis, Treatment, Medication
How It Feels "When I developed extreme fatigue, frequent bladder infections, and kidney stones, [my doctor] ran several tests and then diagnosed diabetes. Alzheimer's and Aging Brains. Multiple Sclerosis Warning signs to watch out for. Medication Get more information about types of medications and how they work. But, over time it isn't able to keep up and can't make enough insulin to keep your blood glucose at normal levels. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition. Expert Opinion on Drug Safety.
Weakened eyesight and poor kidney function have also been found to occur over a lifetime of having type 2 diabetes. Type 2 diabetes in young people is a relatively new issue in medicine. Research into its causes, outcomes, and treatment strategies is still ongoing. Future studies are needed to analyze the long-term consequences of having type 2 diabetes from youth.
Be active with your child and encourage good habits by demonstrating them yourself. Healthline and our partners may receive a portion of revenues if you make a purchase using a link above.
In the past, type 2 diabetes usually only affected adults. Now people under 20 are being affected, too. Learn more about the age of onset for type 2….
The things you've wanted to know about type 2 diabetes are all in one place. Learn more about the symptoms, foods to avoid, and lifestyle management….
Read about hearing loss, high fevers, breathing trouble, abdominal pain, and other warning signs of poor children's health that may require a doctor's…. Childhood obesity can lead to serious health problems in adulthood. Learn about the risks and some preventive tips. Do you know the difference between type 1 and type 2 diabetes? We'll explain how these conditions are similar and how they are unique. Healthline surveyed more than 1, people living with type 2 diabetes to create this comprehensive new report.
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Studies have shown that eating a diet of calorie-dense, refined foods and beverages, such as sodas or fruit juices, and too little whole fruits, vegetables, and whole grains can significantly increase your risk of type 2 diabetes.
Lean muscle mass, which can be increased through exercise and strength training, plays a role in protecting the body against insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes. Over time, this can lead to type 2 diabetes. But fitting in fitness may be easier said than done. These tips can help. Is Type 2 Diabetes Genetic?
Independent of diet and lifestyle factors, your genetics can affect your risk for type 2 diabetes, too. Research on twins backs this up: Twins who are identical are more likely to both have diabetes compared with twins who are fraternal.
And having a relative with diabetes may put you at a fourfold risk of developing the disease yourself. Common Diagnostic Tests for Type 2 Diabetes Receiving a prompt diagnosis is crucial for controlling diabetes. While an A1C of 5. Fasting glucose test This test involves giving a blood sample after you have fasted for eight hours. But metformin is not the only diabetes medication at your disposal. Other treatments for type 2 diabetes include: Sulfonylureas and meglitinides This type of drug works by stimulating the pancreas to produce more insulin 19 Alpha-glucosidase inhibitors These drugs can help slow digestion of certain carbs, to help prevent blood sugar spikes after you eat.
DPP-4 inhibitors These drugs block an enzyme called dipeptidyl peptidase 4 from being produced, allowing the body to crank out more insulin. Staying healthy with diabetes also requires caring for yourself — like protecting your feet, practicing oral hygiene, and tending to your mental health. Is this diabetes treatment for you?
Although it comes with some risks, research suggests it may help put type 2 diabetes in remission. That can be tricky because carbs are in many of the common foods you may already eat, but there are both good and bad sources of carbs.
Fruits and vegetables, for example, are good sources, while pretzels and cookies are bad sources. When you eat is just as important as what you eat when managing diabetes. Sticking to regular mealtimes can help keep your blood sugar steady. A diabetes diet is essentially a healthy diet for everyone! You can work with a registered dietitian to come up with a personalized meal plan, and be sure to track your blood sugar if you introduce new foods to your diet.
Preventing these episodes requires knowing the signs, causes, and treatment options to get your blood sugar back in a healthy range. Hyperglycemia high blood sugar symptoms include: Even after you start treatment, you may still develop hyperglycemia at times. Some of the reasons blood sugar may go too high include: Insulin is key to blood sugar spikes and dips.
Understanding Low Blood Sugar in Type 2 Diabetes Although low blood sugar is more common in people with type 1 diabetes, people with type 2 diabetes can also develop this condition, especially if they are using insulin. Glucose is released into your bloodstream too slowly. There's too much insulin in your bloodstream. Although no two people will have the exact same symptoms of low blood sugar, there are some common signs to watch out for: Take their insulin or oral diabetes medication but then skip a meal, delay eating, or eat very little Develop it as a side effect of other diabetes medication Exercise strenuously without adequate food intake Drink too much alcohol continue reading below Article 10 Warning Signs of Low Blood Sugar Knowing the signs of hypoglycemia is important because left untreated, this condition can lead to serious complications, such as diabetic coma or death.
People who are managing diabetes with insulin are especially at risk for low blood sugar. If you have type 2 diabetes, you've probably had a conversation with your doctor about how to treat yourself for low blood sugar. If it's still low, eat another 15 to 20 g of simple carbohydrates. Once type 2 diabetes has been diagnosed, health care providers can help patients with a program of education and monitoring, including how to spot the signs of hypoglycemia , hyperglycemia and other diabetic complications.
As with other forms of diabetes, nutrition and physical activity and exercise are important elements of the lifestyle management of the condition. For more information on how type 1 and type 2 diabetes compare, read our article: Diabetes UK, Can you reduce your risk of diabetes?
International Diabetes Federation, About diabetes , accessed 18 September American Diabetes Association, Type 2 , accessed 18 September CDC, Basics about diabetes , accessed 18 September MNT is the registered trade mark of Healthline Media. Any medical information published on this website is not intended as a substitute for informed medical advice and you should not take any action before consulting with a healthcare professional.
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Register take the tour. Obesity can lead to insulin resistance - often the precursor to the development of type 2 diabetes.