June 22, 2016
Corresponding reference entry Gadzhiyeva, N. Percentage of infants breastfed through 6 months Percentage of infants breastfed exclusively through 6 months. Copyright infringement comes with serious legal consequences anyone who has seen the copyright disclaimer before a movie knows that and is considered stealing. Forget abbreviations, acronyms, or otherwise shortened labels for elements within a figure. Approximately 1 in 6 If you would like a broader less detailed overview of APA Style, we offer a free tutorial, The Basics of APA Style , which shows you how to structure and format your work, recommends ways to reduce bias in language, identifies how to avoid charges of plagiarism, shows how to cite references in text, and provides selected reference examples.
So what if your reader needs a PhD in psychology and mechanical engineering as well as a guidebook to fully appreciate the brilliant visual representation you have concocted? Who cares if not all the data are relevant? We must love all of our data equally. Too cool to cut. Even if the figure is redundant or not necessary for understanding the article, include it.
That figure looks good. Have two elements within your figure that need to be compared? Or maybe two separate but similar figures that you want to contrast? Do not worry about matching their proportions.
Your reader can make the mental adjustment. A rose by any other name does not smell as sweet. Forget abbreviations, acronyms, or otherwise shortened labels for elements within a figure.
Nothing but the full and formal name should be used, even if it has to be squeezed onto the figure. After all, who reads the figure caption? Forget the previous admonition: Use abbreviations exclusively, whether or not they are needed.
Posted by Timothy McAdoo at 9: How to Cite Sources in a Table By David Becker Dear Style Experts, I am creating a table that presents information from multiple sources, and I can't figure out how to cite these sources within the table.
Dear Vera, How you cite your sources depends on the context. Below is a sample table in which each row represents a different study: I actually felt kind of dorky. I almost fell asleep! Navigating Copyright for Reproduced Images: Corresponding reference entry McFarland, L. Example copyright statement From "Maximizing the Persuasiveness of a Salesperson: Corresponding reference entry Gadzhiyeva, N.
Corresponding reference entry Chapman, A. Corresponding reference entry Christian, D. Corresponding reference entry Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Where to Put the Copyright Statement If the image is a table, the copyright statement goes at the end of the general table note. Final Thoughts Does all of this seem like a lot of trouble to go through just to include an image in a paper or in a presentation?
The third step in navigating copyright for reproduced images is securing permission. Your request for permission should at minimum contain information about what image you want to reproduce; where you want to reproduce it e. When Is Permission Required? Permission is only sometimes required to reproduce an image. Permission is required to reproduce a copyrighted image unless it meets one of the criteria described below in Parts A, B, C, or D of this post.
Permission is not required to reproduce an image that has a creative commons license or is in the public domain. Academic Sources Many scientific, technical, and medical publishers will allow you to reproduce images here meaning tables or figures without obtaining permission provided that the purpose of the use is scholarly comment, noncommercial research, or educational use and full credit is given to the author and publisher as copyright holder.
For example, APA allows you to reproduce without obtaining permission up to three tables or figures from a journal article or book chapter or a maximum of five tables or figures from a whole book.
Commercial Stock Photography To reproduce a stock photo you will most likely have to buy a license from its stock photography website e. If you do own the license to a stock photograph, you can use the image in the paper without any attribution or credit line. If you do not own the license to a stock photograph, you cannot reproduce the image.
Clip Art Most clip art does not require permission to reproduce, but it may require a credit line. If the clip art comes from a program like Microsoft Word , then by buying the program you have bought a license to that clip art and can use it in an academic paper without any attribution or credit line.
If the clip art comes from a free clip art website e. In the context of reproducing an image, your use is probably fair if it meets the following criteria: It is for use in an academic work and not for profit such as a paper for a class or publication in an academic journal.
It represents facts or data such as a chart or diagram rather than creative self-expression such as artwork, although some famous works of art are in the public domain and thus do not require permission. Reproducing the image will not hurt the market or potential market for the original. Unclear Copyright If the copyright status of the image is unclear, assume that it is copyrighted.
Securing Permission Continue to Part 4: Here are some examples of copyright statements you might see: Jones, all rights reserved. To reproduce a copyrighted image, you have to get permission in writing from the copyright holder first, unless you meet one of the exceptions described in Part 2 of this series. Creative commons copyright Creative commons licenses are indicated by the words creative commons or CC. The specific terms of creative commons licenses vary, so check the license associated with your image to determine what you are allowed to do.
Public domain Works that are not bound by copyright are considered in the public domain. Assume a work is under copyright unless you see the words public domain on it or the work was produced by the U. Government in which case it is automatically in the public domain. Copyright does expire , but that can take a long time. No copyright indicated If no copyright is indicated, treat the work as copyrighted. For example, you automatically own the copyright to papers you write for a class.
Determine whether permission is necessary to reproduce the image. Secure permission to reproduce the image, if permission is needed.
Write the APA Style copyright statement and reference list entry for the image. And In Other Research News: The Grammar of Mathematics: For example, What percentage of wood would a woodchuck chuck if a woodchuck could chuck wood? In Experiment 1, we used a computer simulation to address this timeless question.
The woodchucks who would chuck chucked This was a larger percentage than we hypothesized. Resisting the Urge to Obscure by Stefanie The best figures make complex results understandable at a glance. Recent Posts Navigating Copyright: Monitor progress and celebrate state successes. Begin building more comprehensive state profiles that capture the landscape of breastfeeding support.
Identify opportunities for growth and improvement in maternity care practices. At 6 months At 1 year Exclusively through 3 months Exclusively through 6 months Data Sources for the Breastfeeding Report Card Indicators — Six indicators profile the extent to which infants are breastfed: Number of Live Births by State Data source: Related Links Data, Trends and Maps Data, Trends and Maps is an interactive tool that provides state-specific data about obesity, nutrition, physical activity, and breastfeeding.
Get Email Updates To receive email updates about this page, enter your email address: August 20, Page last updated: August 20, Content source: Increase the proportion of infants who are breastfed: Exclusively through 3 months.
Exclusively through 6 months. Increase the proportion of employers that have worksite lactation support programs. Copyright [year] by Name of Copyright Holder.
Reprinted [or Adapted] with permission. Ployhart, , Journal of Applied Psychology, , p. Copyright by the American Psychological Association.
A contextual framework to guide research and practice. Journal of Applied Psychology, , — Creative commons license abbreviation. From "Maximizing the Persuasiveness of a Salesperson: Sager, , Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology, 33 , p. Maximizing the persuasiveness of a salesperson: An exploratory study of the effects of nonverbal immediacy and language power on the extent of persuasion. Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology, 33, Author, year, Place of Publication: Adapted from Managing Therapy-Interfering Behavior: Strategies From Dialectical Behavior Therapy p.
Rosenthal, , Washington, DC: Strategies from dialectical behavior therapy.