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Scheduled to open in Specific nutritional requirements for terrestrial animals like cattle, swine and poultry are well known, but unfortunately that's not the case with aquaculture. Uncooked or undercooked meat including refrigerated and frozen products can carry the virus, making the feeding of food waste to pigs a pathway to spread the disease. The cutterbar also has a modular design so each gear assembly and adjacent idler gear can be individually removed without disassembly of the entire cutterbar. The toddler progresses from little suggestive language capabilities to a vocabulary of words by means of period 3 years. This node can be located via use of a smallaxillary gash and visual inspection or next to wear and tear of a handheld counter. The webinar will be recorded and archived on the ILF website for watching at any time at https:

Nutrition Research Database Provides Nutrition Reports for Foods and Supplements

Chad Moyer

According to the FDA, monitoring caloric intake is a significant part of healthy eating—especially when it comes to weight loss. This amount, which is a number set by the FDA to help food manufacturers determine portion sizes for their nutrition facts panel, will help you determine if your product fits within the low-calorie parameters.

In order to be considered low-calorie, it must fit within the following guidelines: A maximum of 40 calories per RACC is considered low. For entire meals and main dishes, the calories cannot exceed per grams. Of course, there are other calorie-related NCCs of interest to consumers, including: The FDA has always placed emphasis on calorie intake in order to educate consumers about their nutritional needs and the role of calories in weight management.

As a result, the calories per serving is likely the most widely understood piece of information on the nutrition facts panel. While the FDA acknowledges that calorie needs vary from person to person depending on age and activity level, it does recommend certain calorie guidelines.

Generally, the FDA advises that an average adult consume 2, calories per day. The FDA also provides a basic guideline for consumers not to be confused with their guidelines for manufacturers to quickly determine whether a food is low, moderate, or high in calories: Fat has a whopping 9 calories per gram—more than twice that of protein and carbohydrates which each have 4 calories per gram. Reducing the fat in your product, even just a little, can significantly lower the number of calories.

Depending on the product, fat can be replaced with healthy alternatives, including pureed fruit i. Many food products contain high levels of sugar which increase the calories per serving. Cutting the sugar and replacing it with natural low-calorie sweeteners such as stevia or xylitol can provide sweetness without adding to the calorie count. Explores fundamentals of biological chemistry. Includes study of macromolecules, metabolic pathways, and biochemical genetics.

Introduces a science and engineering-oriented, high-level programming language. Studies the C language and its application in problem-solving in a structured programming environment. Includes the concepts and practice of structured programming, problem-solving, top-down design of algorithms, basic C syntax, control structures, arrays, and data structures. Introduces basic hardware and software concepts of computer usage, programming languages, and the computer's impact on society.

Includes applications of various types of software to illustrate how computers are used in sciences, social sciences, humanities, and education. Covers the use of an operating system, word processing, spreadsheets, e-mail, library access, database access and retrieval, presentation graphics, and the Internet. Provides a broad introduction to computer science. Discusses architecture and the function of computer hardware, including networks and operating systems, data and instruction representation, and data organization.

Covers software, algorithms, programming languages, and software engineering. Discusses artificial intelligence and theory of computation. Includes a hands-on component with oral and written presentations. Introduces algorithm and problem-solving methods. Emphasizes structured programming concepts, elementary data structures, and the study and use of a high-level programming language.

Examines data structures, introduction to object-oriented design, and algorithm analysis. Covers data structures including sets, strings, stacks, queues, arrays, records, files, linked lists, and trees , polymorphism, inheritance, exceptions, interfaces, abstract data types, algorithm analysis including searching and sorting methods , and file structures.

Examines the hierarchical structure of computer architecture. Focuses on multi-level machine organization. A simple assembler language is used by students to complete programming projects. Includes processors, instruction execution, addressing techniques, data representation, and digital logic.

Covers Boolean algebra, combinatorial and sequential circuits, algorithms and algorithm analysis, recursion, recurrence relations, graphs, and trees.

Includes language syntax, problem-solving techniques, top-down refinement, procedure definition, loop invariance, theory of numerical errors, program design, objects, classes, inheritance, files, strings, linked lists, stacks, queues, binary trees, recursion, and basic searching and sorting techniques, and debugging. Explores the practical application of concepts and procedures, such as regulations and standards, safety, personal protective equipment PPE , universal precautions, and the work flow of the central service department.

Discusses disinfection, decontamination, transportation of soiled items, and cleaning processes. Explores the basics of instrumentation assembly and how to process instruments, including disassembly. Prepares the student to visually identify surgical instruments and distinguish category, use, and name of each instrument.

Emphasizes quality assurance and provides the student with the skills to package and inspect instrumentation and equipment for sterilization. Prepares the student for entry level practice in assembly area of the central service department. Covers the packaging process and sterilization method with an emphasis on disposable packaging materials, package closure methods, package labeling, sterility maintenance, selection of appropriate packing material, and identification of instruments by category, use, and name.

Emphasizes quality assurance to enable the student to inspect, assemble, and prepare instrumentation for packaging. Introduces the fundamentals of infection control. Content will include an introduction to concepts of microbiology including cell structure and theory, microbial function, human and pathogen relationships, infectious process, blood-borne and airborne pathogens, defense microorganisms, and principles of microbial control and destruction. Provides students hands-on practice in the clinical setting of central sterile service with an emphasis on the decontamination and processing areas.

Prepares the student for point-of-use processing, immediate-use steam sterilization, and high-heat and low-heat sterilization methods. Emphasizes proper procedures involved in transporting sterile goods through facilities and between various clinical sites and quality assurance to ensure customer satisfaction and safety, records maintenance, sterile storage, and central service inventory.

Provides the student with continued hands-on practice in the clinical setting with an emphasis on packaging, wrapping, and sterilization in the clinical setting within a central sterilization processing department.

Provides continued hands-on clinical experience in a central sterilization processing department. Examines the elements affecting speech communication at the individual, small group, and public communication levels with emphasis on practice of communication at each level. Provides students with a critical understanding of film through the discussion and viewing of motion pictures with emphasis upon the study of film history and the forms and functions of film. Students will develop skills to analyze the shared social, cultural, and historical influences of films and their contexts.

Students will develop the skills to analyze the shared social, cultural, and historical influences of films and their contexts. The course focuses on the interplay of contemporary aspects of film creation such as diverse audiences, economic realities, and emerging media formats. Emphasizes the influence of culture on the communication process, including differences in values, message systems, and communication; focuses on the importance of culture in everyday living; acknowledges the growing need to communicate across cultures in an era of rapid globalization; and presents strategies for effective communication in a culturally-diverse workplace and community.

Studies food composition, dietary guidelines, and nutrients essential to healthy human life. Analyzes nutrient function and metabolism.

Provides an introduction to the oral health professions and covers basic terminology, historical perspective, the credentialing process, accreditation, professional organizations, and legal and ethical considerations.

Teaches anatomy of the head and neck, the hard and soft tissues of the oral cavity, tooth morphology, deciduous and permanent dentition, as well as dental pathology and terminology.

Studies head and neck anatomy, tooth morphology, pathological conditions of the oral cavity, disease processes, and microbiology. Studies principles of management of disease-producing microorganisms and associated diseases.

Emphasizes sterilization, asepsis, and disinfection techniques applicable in the dental office. Studies the materials utilized in the laboratory aspect of dentistry as support in treatment. Emphasizes the characteristics, manipulation, economical control, storage, and delivery of materials. Provides instruction on the principles of clinical chairside dental assisting, dental equipment use and maintenance, safety, instrument identification, tray set-ups by procedures, and patient data collection.

Emphasizes patient management during restorative procedures. Introduces the student to the various dental specialties, including oral surgery, orthodontics, periodontics, prosthodontics, endodontics, and pediatric dentistry.

Emphasizes integration and application of previous course content to operative dental procedures. Exposes students to concepts and terminology related to pharmacology, pain control, and dental medicinal agents.

Emphasizes the use of materials in patient treatment. Studies topics related to community health issues, including identification of specific diseases, symptoms, causes, and effects.

Emphasizes the promotion of oral health in the community through patient education in oral home care techniques, dietary counseling, plaque control procedures, and application of medicinal agents. Exposes students to and provides practical experience in the legal aspects of dental office management with regard to ethics, jurisprudence, appointment control, recall systems, reception techniques, telephone techniques, accounts receivable and payable, payroll insurance claims, inventory control, and professional conduct in a dental office.

Teaches the physics of dental radiation and safety, equipment operation, cone placement for the parallel and bisection techniques, panoramic exposures, mounting, and film processing. Students must be at least 18 years old to enroll in course.

Provides students clinical experience to supplement DNA through hands-on experience in the dental clinic at Reynolds.

Students will be assisting staff. Provides clinical experience within the private practice community by exposing students to the fast-paced dental office environment in which the student performs chairside and support services with an established team. Focuses on chairside assisting in general dentistry at two different clinical sites. Students will complete the required number of clinical hours at the two assigned facilities. Introduces technical drafting from the fundamentals through advanced drafting practices.

Teaches lettering, metric construction, technical sketching, orthographic projection, sections, intersections, development, fasteners, theory, and applications of dimensioning and tolerances. Includes pictorial drawing and preparation of working and detailed drawings. Emphasizes reading, understanding, and interpreting standard types of architectural drawing, including plans, elevations, sections, and details.

Teaches computer-aided drafting concepts and equipment. Develops a general understanding of components and operating a typical CAD system. DRF is recommended for individuals with no experience in technical drawing prior to enrolling in DRF Focuses on training students in the contemporary techniques of 3D modeling, rendering, and animation on the personal computer. Introduces the principles of visualization, sometimes known as photo-realism, which enable the student to create presentation drawings for both architectural and industrial product design.

Uses computer animation to produce walk-throughs that will bring the third dimension to architectural designs. Provides basic knowledge of the construction, design, and application of selected modern diesel engines and their components. Covers induction and exhaust systems, cooling and lubricating systems, and fuel injection and governing systems. Provides opportunity to disassemble, inspect, recondition, reassemble, and test selected engines.

Teaches maintenance, adjustment, testing, and general repair of the typical fuel injection components used on non-automotive diesel engines. Includes engine and fuel system tune-up procedures and troubleshooting using current diagnostic equipment.

Studies the theory and operation of various truck and tractor electrical systems. Covers preheating, starting, generating charging , multiplexing, and lighting systems. Uses modern test equipment for measurement, adjustment, and troubleshooting electrical and electronic systems.

Emphasizes the properties of fluid, fluid flow, fluid states, and the application of Bernoulli's equation. Studies the chassis, suspension, steering, and brake systems found on medium and heavy-duty diesel trucks. Covers construction features, operating principles, and service procedures for such power train components as clutches, multi-speed transmissions, propeller shafts, and rear axles.

Teaches operations of modern equipment to correct and adjust abnormalities. Studies the basic operational theory of pneumatic and air brake systems as used in heavy-duty and public transportation vehicles. Covers various air control valves, test system components, and advanced air system schematics. Teaches proper service and preventative maintenance of system. Studies fundamentals of transportation air conditioning.

Includes repair, service, and troubleshooting of the refrigeration systems used in road vehicles and heavy equipment. Provides supervised on-the-job training for pay in approved business, industrial, and service firms coordinated by the college. Presents a broad overview of economic theory, history, development, and application. Introduces terms, definitions, policies, and philosophies of market economies. Provides some comparison with other economic systems. Includes some degree of exposure to microeconomic and macroeconomic concepts.

Introduces macroeconomics, including the study of Keynesian, classical, monetarist principles and theories; the study of national economic growth, inflation, recession, unemployment, financial markets, and money and banking; and the role of government spending and taxation, along with international trade and investments.

Introduces the basic concepts of microeconomics. Explores the free market concepts with coverage of economic models and graphs, scarcity and choices, supply and demand, elasticities, marginal benefits and costs, profits, and production and distribution. Introduces the "driver task" as related to the highway transportation system and factors that influence performance ability.

Prepares students so they may be eligible to take certification exams for driving school instructors in both public and private schools. Focuses on developing effective general rubrics as a component of quality instruction. Examines various types of rubrics and learning targets. Encourages faculty reflection on their current teaching by considering formative assessment, instructional design, critical thinking, and questioning methods.

Fosters confidence and patience for experimenting with instructional design and reflecting on the scholarship of teaching. Develops effective classroom management strategies with an emphasis on creating a holistic classroom management plan. Examines the role of student engagement on classroom behavior and achievement. Focuses on developing positive teacher-student relationships. Discusses teaching philosophies that facilitate effective classroom management.

Provides an orientation to the teaching profession in Virginia, including historical perspectives, current issues, and future trends in education on the national and state levels. Emphasizes information about teacher licensure examinations, steps to certification, teacher preparation and induction programs, and attention to critical shortage areas in Virginia.

Includes supervised field placement in a K school. SDV and successful completion of 24 credits of transfer courses. Analyzes rules and regulations that govern the conduct of driver education programs with special emphasis on organization and administration.

Includes uses in the classroom, driving range, and on the street. Prepares students so they may be eligible to take the state certification exam in driver education. Provides instruction in concepts and strategies involved in teaching reading at the K levels. Includes topics on literacy, components of development, various reading programs, technology integration, and assessment tools. May include field placement in a K school. Prepares students to construct graphic teaching aids; to select and develop materials for instructional support; and to operate, maintain, and use audiovisual equipment in the classroom.

Focuses on the health and developmental needs of children and the methods by which these needs are met. Emphasizes positive health, hygiene, nutrition and feeding routines, childhood diseases, and safety issues. Emphasizes supporting the mental and physical well-being of children, as well as procedures for reporting child abuse. Instructs educators in the method and practice for delivery of online course content. Includes instructional technology and instructional design theory and practice, with skills and strategies that educators will use to engage students and create a collaborative online environment.

Proficient working knowledge of the current VCCS online course delivery system. Provides students an opportunity to identify, create, and implement multimedia in an e-learning course. Introduces learners to the fundamentals of creating and organizing online courses according to the ASSURE Model of instructional design and the standards created by Quality Matters. IDOL covers analyzing learners; writing proper learning objectives; ADA compliance; selecting methods, media, and materials to be used within an online course; utilizing those methods, media, and materials; requiring learner participation; evaluating and revising your course; assessing and measuring performance; and a self-reflection.

Basic computer skills, ability to navigate the World Wide Web, experience using Blackboard in teaching for at least one semester, and permission of the instructor. Introduces learners to the fundamentals of using various Web 2. EDU , basic computer and web navigation skills, and experience using BlackboardTM for at least one semester for teaching. Provides introduction to the fundamentals of implementing mobile technologies in the online teaching and learning environment.

Focuses on increasing student engagement using mobile technologies and includes an overview of mobile learning, common applications, researching and applying mobile learning, developing content and materials to be used with mobile devices, assessing in the mobile learning environment, social media, productivity, and a self-reflection.

EDU or equivalent; basic computer skills, including World Wide Web navigation; and experience using Blackboard for a minimum of one semester. EDU , basic computer and web navigation skills, and experience using Blackboard for at least one semester for teaching. Covers an introduction to multimedia, the ASSURE model of instructional design, various media formats, screen design and user friendliness, storyboards and storyboard development, multimedia development, assessment creation, and incorporating multimedia into Blackboard.

EDU , basic computer skills, familiarity with navigating the World Wide Web, and experience using Blackboard in teaching for a minimum of one semester. Examines the federal and state laws affecting the duties of teachers in ensuring the rights of students. Investigates the laws which protect teachers from litigation. Discusses the impact of the United States Constitution and landmark cases so that participants may better understand how the law has influenced the American public school.

Employs the Code of Virginia as the foundation for state and local policy. Prepares instructors in the pedagogy and course administration of teaching online courses and provides an overview of various technologies available for online instruction. Focuses on the strategies of collaborating and teaching online.

This course is intended for PreK teachers and administrators. Develops effective assessment practices of in-service teachers.

Focuses on a balanced assessment approach emphasizing the use of formative and summative assessments. Utilizes quality rubrics as a vital component of effective classroom assessment. Addresses local, state, and federal requirements that impact classroom assessment. Examines the concept that quality assessment is vital to student success. Emphasizes the application of course content to each teacher's individual classroom setting. Presents theories and principles of orthographic projection.

Studies multiview, pictorial drawings and sketches, geometric construction, sectioning, lettering, tolerancing, dimensioning, and auxiliary projections. Studies the analysis and graphic presentation of space relationships of fundamental geometric elements: Includes instruction in computer-aided drafting.

Introduces the engineering profession, professionalism, and ethics. Design project also includes using presentation software, database searching, and prototyping. Introduces mechanics of vector forces and space, scalar mass and time, including S. Teaches equilibrium, free-body diagrams, moments, couples, distributed forces, centroids, moments of inertia, analysis of two-force and multi-force members, and friction and internal forces.

Presents economic analysis of engineering alternatives. Studies economic and cost concepts, calculation of economic equivalence, comparison of alternatives, replacement economy, economic optimization in design and operation, depreciation, and after-tax analysis. Presents approach to kinematics of particles in linear and curvilinear motion. Includes kinematics of rigid bodies in plane motion.

Teaches Newton's second law, work-energy and power, impulse and momentum, and problem solving using computers. Teaches concepts of stress, strain, deformation, internal equilibrium, and basic properties of engineering materials. Analyzes axial loads, torsion, bending, shear, and combined loading. Studies stress transformation and principle stresses, column analysis, and energy principles.

Studies formulation of the first and second law of thermodynamics. Presents energy conversion, concepts of energy, temperature, entropy, enthalpy, and equations of state of fluids. Covers reversibility and irreversibility in processes, closed and open systems, cyclical processes, and problem solving using computers. Teaches fundamentals of electric circuits. Includes circuit quantities of charge, current, potential, power, and energy.

Teaches resistive circuit analysis; Ohm's and Kirchoff's laws; nodal and mesh analysis; network theorems; and RC, RL, and RLC circuit transient response with constant forcing functions. Teaches AC steady-state analysis, power, and three-phase circuits. Presents frequency domain analysis, resonance, Fourier series, inductively coupled circuits, Laplace transform applications, and circuit transfer functions.

Introduces problem solving using computers. Teaches principles and operation of laboratory instruments such as VOM, electronic voltmeters, digital multimeters, oscilloscopes, counters, wave generators, and power supplies. Presents application to circuit measurements, including transient and steady-state response of simple networks with laboratory applications of laws and theories of circuits plus measurement of AC quantities.

Focuses on all aspects of pre-hospital basic life support as defined by the Virginia Office of Emergency Medical Services curriculum for Emergency Medicine Technician. Includes all aspects of pre-hospital basic life support as defined by the Virginia Office of Emergency Medical Services curriculum for Emergency Medical Technician.

Includes the theory and application of the following: Focuses on the interpretation of basic electrocardiograms ECG and their significance. Includes an overview of anatomy and physiology of the cardiovascular system, including structure, function, and electrical conduction in the heart. Covers advanced concepts that build on the knowledge and skills of basic dysrhythmia determination and introduction to 12 lead ECG.

Includes ALS pharmacology, drug and fluid administration with emphasis on patient assessment, differential diagnosis, and management of multiple medical complaints. Includes, but not limited to, conditions relating to cardiac, diabetic, neurological, non-traumatic abdominal pain, environmental, behavioral, gynecology, and toxicological disease conditions.

Utilizes techniques which will allow the student to utilize the assessment findings to formulate a field impression and implement the treatment plan for the trauma patient. Focuses on the assessment and management of specialty patients, including obstetrical, neonates, pediatric, and geriatrics. Begins the first in a series of clinical experiences providing supervised direct patient contact in appropriate patient care facilities in and out of hospitals.

Includes, but not limited to, patient care units, such as the Emergency Department, Critical Care units, Pediatric, Labor and Delivery, Operating Room, Trauma Centers, and various advanced life support units. Continues with the second in a series of clinical experiences providing supervised direct patient contact in appropriate patient care facilities in and out of hospitals. Continues with the second in a series of field experiences providing supervised direct patient care in out-of-hospital advanced life support units.

Prepares students for Paramedic certification at the National Registry Level by fulfilling community activism, personal wellness, resource management, ethical considerations in leadership, and research objectives in the Virginia Office of Emergency Medical Services Paramedic curriculum.

Focuses on the pathological processes of disease with emphasis on the anatomical and physiological alterations of the human body by systems. Includes diagnosis and management appropriate to the advanced health care provider in and out of the hospital environment.

Focuses on the principles of normal and abnormal physical exam. Emphasizes the analysis and interpretation of physiological data to assist in patient assessment and management. Applies principles during the assessment and management of trauma, medical, and specialty patients in laboratory environment. Focuses on the principles of pharmacokinetics, pharmacodynamics, and drug administration.

Includes drug legislation, techniques of medication administration, and principles of math calculations. Emphasizes drugs used to manage respiratory, cardiac, neurological, gastrointestinal, fluid and electrolyte, and endocrine disorders and includes classification, mechanism of action, indications, contra-indications, precautions, and patient education. Incorporates principles related to substance abuse and hazardous materials. Applies principles during the assessment and management of trauma, medical, and specialty patients in a laboratory environment.

Prepares the student in the theory and application of the following: Continues with the third in a series of clinical experiences providing supervised direct patient contact in appropriate patient care facilities in and out of hospitals. Continues with the third in a series of field experiences providing supervised direct patient care in out-of-hospital advanced life support units.

Continues as the fourth in a series of clinical experiences providing supervised direct patient contact in appropriate patient care facilities in and out of hospitals.

Continues as the fourth in a series of field experiences, providing supervised direct patient care in out-of-hospital advanced life support units. Provides integrated reading and writing instruction for students who require extensive preparation to succeed in college-level English courses.

Students will place into this course based on placement test score. Upon successful completion and faculty recommendation, students will move into Preparing for College English III if they require additional preparation or into college-level English if they require no additional preparation. Credit is not applicable toward graduation.

Provides integrated reading and writing instruction for students who require intermediate preparation to succeed in college-level English courses. Upon successful completion and faculty recommendation, students will move into Preparing for College Level III if they require additional preparation or into college-level English if they require no additional preparation.

Provides integrated reading and writing instruction for students who require minimal preparation for college-level English, but still need some preparation to succeed. Students in this course will be co-enrolled in college-level English.

Helps students to improve spelling and develop vocabulary. Reviews common spelling patterns. Familiarizes the student with basic prefixes, suffixes, root words, and other word formations. Teaches effective use of the dictionary and thesaurus. Stresses recognizing words in reading context and using them effectively in writing. Introduces students to critical thinking and the fundamentals of academic writing.

Through the writing process, students refine topics; develop and support ideas; investigate, evaluate, and incorporate appropriate resources; edit for effective style and usage; and determine appropriate approaches for a variety of contexts, audiences, and purposes.

Writing activities will include exposition and argumentation with at least one researched essay. ENG has been designated as a "writing intensive" course according to standards developed by the English department. Continues to develop college writing with increased emphasis on critical essays, argumentation, and research, developing these competencies through the examination of a range of texts about the human experience.

Requires students to locate, evaluate, integrate, and document sources and effectively edit for style and usage. Successful completion of ENG or its equivalent and the ability to use word processing software; a grade of C or better in ENG is recommended.

Develops ability in technical writing through extensive practice in composing technical reports and other documents. Guides students in achieving voice, tone, style, and content appropriate to a specific audience and purpose. Includes instruction in formatting, editing, and graphics.

Introduces students to technical discourse through selected reading. Provides instruction and practice in basic principles of oral presentation.

Covers content, form, and procedures for research writings, which may include reports, articles, summaries, essays, and correspondence. Stresses editing, proofreading skills, sentence structure, and paragraph development.

Offers instruction and practice in oral communication skills. May use reading selections for discussions and writing assignments. Helps students refine skills in writing non-fiction prose. Guides students in the development of individual voice and style.

ENG with a grade of "C" or better or approval by the English department head. Introduces, in a workshop setting, the fundamentals and techniques of writing short and long fiction. Introduces, in a workshop setting, the fundamentals and techniques of writing poetry.

Provides an introduction to the study of the Bible as literature. Examines the intent and presentation of major literary genres found in the Bible, refining skills of analysis, synthesis, and evaluation.

Involves critical reading and writing. Examines American literary works from pre-colonial times through the mid-nineteenth century, emphasizing the ideas and characteristics of our national literature. ENG and may be taken out of order. Examines selected American literary works from the late-nineteenth century to the present, emphasizing the ideas and characteristics of our national literature. Studies major English texts from the Anglo-Saxon period to the 18th century, emphasizing the ideas and characteristics of the British literary tradition.

Studies major English works from the Romantics to the present, emphasizing the ideas and characteristics of the British literary tradition. Surveys the history, development, and genres of children's literature, focusing on analysis of texts for literary qualities and in terms of audience. Examines major works of world literature from the ancient period to the early 17th century. Examines major works of world literature from the 17th century to the present era.

Examines selected works by African-American writers from the colonial period to the early 20th century. Examines literature by and about women prior to Examines literature by and about women from about to the present. Focuses on the writers of American Romanticism and the diaries, novels, journals, poetry, letters, and dispatches that grew from their engagement with Italy. Provides students with an understanding of American Romanticism through its encounter with Italy, and students will engage these elements themselves in Venice, Padua, Florence, Rome, Naples, Pompeii, and Sorrento.

This course will be inter-disciplinary, exploring Italian art, architecture, history, music, language, and culture. Introduces chemical principles and applies them to environmental issues. Covers the fundamental principles, concepts, and language of general, organic, inorganic, and biochemistry. Laboratories will include sampling, analysis, and generation of statistically-valid data while preparing students to think like environmental scientists.

Provides intensive instruction and practice at the low intermediate level. Provides an introduction to the sound system, stress, and intonational and rhythmic patterns of English through listening and speaking exercises. Includes individualized instruction to improve basic reading comprehension. Requires practice in writing with emphasis on building basic sentence structures, grammar, and sentence-level writing. Credits are not applicable toward graduation.

Provides instruction and practice in the writing process, emphasizing development of fluency in writing and competence in structural and grammatical patterns of written English. Recommendation of department following satisfactory completion of ESL 20 or appropriate placement test. Helps students improve their reading comprehension and vocabulary development. Improves students' reading proficiency to a level which would allow the students to function adequately in ESL Helps students practice and improve listening and speaking skills as needed for functioning successfully in academic, professional, and personal settings.

Assesses students' oral skills and includes, as needed, practice with pronunciation, rhythm, stress, and intonation. Provides exercises, practices, small and large group activities, and oral presentations to help students overcome problems in oral communication.

Provides instruction and practice in the use of intermediate-level academic English grammar structures, including verb tenses, parts of speech, and basic sentence structure. Helps ESL students assess their own knowledge of English grammar, improve accuracy, and learn methods to improve editing. Provides further instruction and practice in the writing process and introduces advanced language patterns.

Includes practice in developing and improving writing strategies. Recommendation of department following satisfactory completion of intermediate ESL 31 or appropriate placement test. Helps students improve their reading comprehension and vocabulary. Improves students' reading proficiency to a level which would allow the students to function adequately in ESL 52 and some academic college classes. Recommendation of department following satisfactory completion of ESL 32 or appropriate placement test.

Provides further instruction and practice in helping students to improve listening and speaking skills. Emphasizes the development of fluency through exercises, practices, small and large group activities, and formal and informal presentations. Provides practice in note-taking.

Provides instruction and practice in the use of high intermediate and advanced academic English grammar structures, including advanced verb forms, clauses, determiners, and prepositions. Prepares for college-level writing by practice in the writing process with emphasis on development of thought in essays of greater length and complexity and use of appropriate syntax and diction.

Recommendation of department following satisfactory completion of ESL 41 or appropriate placement test and completion of ESL Emphasizes applying and synthesizing ideas.

Includes ways to detect organization, summarize, make inferences, draw conclusions, evaluate generalizations, recognize differences between facts and opinions, and introduces other advanced comprehension strategies. May also include comprehensive library skills. Satisfactory completion of ESL 41 and 42 or appropriate placement test. Provides an intensive writing seminar for students struggling with the writing process, editing, and self-correction in academic English.

Helps students improve their fluency and command of American academic English. Provides individualized instruction and practice in sound-letter correspondences. Introduces students to basic spelling rules, word division, prefixes, roots, and suffixes. Helps students master vocabulary through an understanding of homonyms, confusing words, and Greek and Latin roots. Stresses using words in context. Focuses on problems of American English pronunciation, unclear individual sounds, positional variants, stress, and rhythm and intonation common to speakers of different language backgrounds.

May include individualized practice in consonant and vowel production. Recommendation following oral placement interview or successful completion of ESL Presents a framework of personal money management concepts, including establishing values and goals, determining sources of income, managing income, preparing a budget, developing consumer buying ability, using credit, understanding savings and insurance, providing for adequate retirement, and estate planning.

Introduces basic financial management topics, including statement analysis, working capital, capital budgeting, and long-term financing. Uses problems and cases to enhance skills in financial planning and decision making. Introduces understanding, speaking, reading, and writing skills, and emphasizes basic French sentence structure.

Incorporates exposure to the arts, culture, and literature of the areas of the world where French is spoken. May include one additional hour of oral practice per week. Introduces understanding, speaking, reading, and writing skills and emphasizes basic French sentence structure.

Continues to develop understanding, speaking, reading, and writing skills. French is used in the classroom. Usually offered in fall only. Explores the theories and fundamentals of how and why fires start, spread, and how they are controlled.

Provides basic fire chemistry relating to the categories of hazardous materials, including problems of recognition, reactivity, and health encountered by firefighters.

Usually offered only in spring. Provides fundamental information regarding the history and philosophy of fire prevention; organization and operation of a fire prevention bureau; use of fire codes; identification and correction of fire hazards; and the relationships of fire prevention with built-in fire protection systems, fire investigation, and fire and life-safety education.

Usually offered in spring only. Introduces basic principles and history related to the national firefighter life safety initiatives, focusing on the need for cultural and behavior change throughout the emergency services.

This course has replaced FST in the curriculum. Emphasizes development of teaching methods and aids, including role-playing, small group discussion, and development of individual learning methods and materials. Requires students to develop lesson plans and make presentations on appropriate topics. Prepares students for certification as Fire Instructor I.

Presents and develops the foundational skills needed to supervise and direct personnel and manage resources at the company level, which is based on the current requirements of the NFPA , Standards for Fire Officer Professional Qualifications.

Prepares the student for certification as Fire Officer I. Provides a foundation of theoretical knowledge in order to understand the principles of the use of water in fire protection and to apply hydraulic principles to analyze and solve water supply problems.

Usually offered in the spring semester. Introduces the Federal, State, and local laws that regulate emergency services; national standards influencing emergency services; and standards of care, tort, and liability, and a review of relevant court cases. Provides information relating to the features of design and operation of fire detection and alarm systems, heat and smoke control systems, special protection and sprinkler systems, water supply for fire protection, and portable fire extinguishers.

Presents a comprehensive study of treatment of automatic sprinkler systems, including a study of sprinkler standards, design features, water supply adequacy, sprinkler limitations, and appropriate building and fire code applications.

Continues the study of automatic sprinkler system design, implementation, and installation. Includes the use of appropriate computer applications in the design of various types of sprinkler systems. Usually offered in spring semester. Provides the components of building construction that relate to fire and life safety.

The focus of this course is on firefighter safety. Covers the construction and design of structures and how they are key factors when inspecting buildings, preplanning fire operations, and operating at emergencies. Usually offered in the fall semester. Provides the student with the fundamentals and technical knowledge needed for proper fire scene interpretations, including recognizing and conducting origin and cause, preservation of evidence and documentation, scene security, motives of the firesetter, and types of fire causes.

Provides an in-depth analysis of the principles of fire control through utilization of personnel, equipment, and extinguishing agents on the fire ground. Teaches the history of modern management theories, including scientific management and behavioral scientist approach.

Introduces concepts of group dynamics, leadership, communication, stress and time management, and personnel evaluation techniques. Discusses the legal and ethical considerations of personnel management in the emergency service. Introduces the student to the organization and management of a fire department and the relationship of government agencies to the fire service.

Emphasizes fire service leadership from the perspective of the company officer. Presents a study of current urban fire problems with emphasis on solutions based upon current available technology. Includes master planning, as well as methods of identifying, analyzing, and measuring accompanying risk and loss possibilities. Presents an intermediate-level course to help individuals further develop the skills needed to supervise and direct personnel, manage resources at the company level, and is based on the current requirements of the NFPA , Standards for Fire Officer Professional Qualifications.

Prepares student for certification as Fire Officer II. Studies major elements of the natural environment, including earth-sun relationship, land forms, weather and climate, and natural vegetation and soils.

Introduces the student to types and uses of maps. Focuses on the relationship between culture and geography. Presents a survey of modern demographics, landscape modification, material and non-material culture, language, race and ethnicity, religion, politics, and economic activities.

Familiarizes the student with the various economic, geographic, political, and demographic factors that affect international target markets and trade activity. Introduces understanding, speaking, reading, and writing skills and emphasizes basic German sentence structures.

Incorporates exposure to the arts, culture, and literature of the areas of the world where German is spoken. May include one additional hour oral practice per week.

German is used in the classroom. Introduces the components of a desktop GIS and their functionality. Emphasizes manipulation of data for the purpose of analysis, presentation, and decision-making. Provides a continuation of GIS , with emphasis on advanced topics in problem-solving, decision-making, modeling, programming, and data management.

Covers map projections and data formats, and methods for solving the problems they create. Introduces the composition and structure of the earth and modifying agents and processes. Investigates the formation of minerals and rocks, weathering, erosion, earthquakes, and crystal deformation.

This course completes a one-year laboratory science requirement when followed by GOL Traces the evolution of the earth and life through time. Presents scientific theories of the origin of the earth and life and interprets rock and fossil record. Teaches basic care skills with emphasis on physical, social, and emotional needs of patients. Covers procedures, communications, and interpersonal relations; observation, charting, and reporting; care planning, safety, and infection control; anatomy and physiology, nutrition and patient feeding; and ethics, death, and dying.

Prepares multi-skilled health care workers to care for patients of various ages with special emphasis on geriatric nursing, home health, and long- and short-term care facilities.

Applies theory through laboratory experience for health care technicians to work in home health, and long- and short-term facilities. Develops therapeutic relationship, communication and culture, problem-solving electronic communication, techniques in therapeutic communication, and blocks to therapeutic communication. Addresses assertiveness, anger, and managing team conflict.

Introduces the basic concepts, terminology, etiology, and characteristics of pathological processes. Teaches basic concepts of microcomputer software to include operating systems, word processing, spreadsheets, and database applications. Focuses on microcomputer applications and information systems in the health care environment. Provides a working introduction to electronic health information systems for allied health, teaching students how the adoption of electronic health records affects them as future health care professionals.

Focuses on health data collection, storage, retrieval, and reporting systems, with emphasis on the role of the computer in accomplishing these functions. Passing score on the computer competency exam, ITE , or permission of the instructor. Focus of health data collection, storage, retrieval and reporting systems, with emphasis on the role of the computer in accomplishing these functions. Introduces major reimbursement systems in the United States. Focuses on prospective payments systems, managed care, and documentation necessary for appropriate reimbursement.

Emphasizes management of practice to avoid fraud. Introduces the student to basic statistical principles and calculations as applied in the health care environment, procedures for collection and reporting vital statistics, and basic quality control basics. Presents the legal requirements associated with health record documentation. Emphasizes the policies and procedures concerning the protection of the confidentiality of patient's health records.

Focuses on concepts of facility-wide performance improvement, resource management, and risk management. Applies tools for data collection and analysis. Explores computer technology and system application in health care.

Introduces the information systems life cycle. Studies new trends in management and processing of health information with emphasis on the electronic health record EHR. Covers the definition, benefits, standards, functionality, confidentiality and security, and impact of the EHR in the health care environment. Explores implementation of the EHR including infrastructure required, project management techniques, information technology systems, workflow processes and redesign in various health care settings.

Discusses legal issues created by implementation of the EHR. Introduces supervision and management principles with emphasis on the application of these principles in the health information setting. Focuses on the current classification systems used in the health care industry. Utilizes standards in identifying and accurately assigning codes to diseases and procedures as they relate to statistical research and health care financing.

Prepares the Health Information Technology Student to perform all functions commonly allocated to health record services. Integrates and applies knowledge with hands-on skill practice in coding. Promotes critical thinking related to coding quality, fraud, and abuse. Focuses on procedure classification using CPT. This system is currently utilized for collecting health data for the purposes of statistical research and financial reporting.

Focuses on disease and procedure coding using International Classification Disease ICD and Current Procedural Terminology CPT in alternate healthcare settings, such as behavioral health, home health, skilled nursing facilities, long-term care hospitals LTCH , rehab facilities, and hospice.

Examines the development of western civilization from ancient times to the present. Begins with ancient times and ends with the seventeenth century. Begins with the mid-seventeenth century and continues through modern times. Surveys Asian, African, Latin American, and European civilizations from the ancient period to the present. Surveys the United States history from its beginning to the present.

Studies the role of women and attitudes toward women in American society from colonial times to the present. Surveys the history of black Americans from their African origins to the present. Examines major social, economic, political, and religious developments from earliest times to the present. Examines causes and consequences of the Second World War. Includes the rise of totalitarianism, American neutrality, military developments, the home fronts, diplomacy, and the decision to use the atomic bomb.

Studies factors that led to the division between the States. Examines the war, the home fronts, and the era of Reconstruction. Investigates United States history from to the present, studying both domestic developments and American involvement in international affairs. Provides training in coordinated mouth-to-mouth artificial ventilation and chest compression, choking, life-threatening emergencies, sudden illness, and AED skills for adults, children, and infants.

Equivalent to EMS Studies the concepts related to the maintenance of health, safety, and the prevention of illness at the personal and community level. Explores the relationship between personal health and physical fitness as they apply to individuals in today's society.

Includes nutrition, weight control, stress, conditioning, and drugs. Provides knowledge and proficiency in basic life support and in actions necessary to minimize patient discomfort and prevention of further complications.

Meets requirements for Virginia certification as a first responder. Explores the use and abuse of drugs in contemporary society with emphasis upon sociological, physiological, and psychological effects of drugs. Provides an understanding of medical abbreviations and terms. Includes the study of prefixes, suffixes, word stems, and technical terms with emphasis on proper spelling, pronunciation, and usage.

Emphasizes more complex skills and techniques in understanding medical terminology. Focuses on ethical concepts of health care. Emphasizes confidentiality; maintaining patient records; personal appearance; professionalism with patients, clients, and associates; and an awareness of health care facilities. Supervises on-the-job training in selected business, industrial, or service firms coordinated by the college. Provides an overview of pharmacy practice, drug classifications and generic substitutions, and the role and responsibility of a pharmacy technician professional.

Focuses on the essentials required for excelling in the pharmacy technician role. Provides a basic understanding of human sexuality. Includes anatomy, physiology, pregnancy, family planning, venereal diseases, and sexual variations.

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